Plant manufacture fish catch
Mongabay Series: Sea Change. The majority of this material is then fed to other fish and crustaceans: in , 69 percent of fishmeal and 75 percent of fish oil were used for seafood farming. Proponents of aquaculture often frame it as both a solution to unsustainable fishing and a rapidly scalable way to feed the world. It also means many subsistence and artisanal fishers miss out on much-needed catches. This is not the first time researchers and activists have drawn attention to unsustainable aquaculture practices, and many producers who use fishmeal now label their products as certified sustainable.VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Amazing Automatic Fish Processing Line Machines Modern Technology - Big Catch in The Sea
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Is Plant-Based Fish the New Vegan Burger?
It gives an overview of recent statistics relating to fishing fleets , fish catches , fish landings and aquaculture production in the European Union EU. Fish are a renewable and mobile natural resource. Aside from aquaculture farming, fish are generally not owned until they have been caught. As such, fish stocks continue to be regarded as a common resource which needs to be managed collectively.
This has led to a range of policies that regulate the amount of fishing at the EU level and more widely at sea basin level, as well as the types of fishing techniques and gear that can be used in fish capture.
Total fisheries production covers total catches in the seven regions covered by EU Statistical Regulations  as well as aquaculture production.
The EU's  total production of fisheries products in was estimated to be about 6. Production was lower The downward trend reflected lower catches, which account for four-fifths of total fisheries production, as the production of farmed aquatic organisms remained relatively stable.
A little over one half The overall decline in EU production in , principally reflected lower production levels in Spain By way of comparison, it is interesting to note that total fisheries production in Norway 3. Total production in Iceland at 1. In both countries though, production levels in were down sharply on those in A provisional people were employed in the EU fisheries industry in , of which about one third were employed in the aquaculture sub-sector. Although Italy, Greece and Portugal only produced about a combined one-tenth In contrast, Denmark, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom accounted for much higher shares of EU fisheries production than shares of employment in the fisheries industry.
These contrasts highlight the differences between the fishing industries of some countries with a relatively large number of small vessels and others with a relatively small number of large vessels figure 2. Aquaculture is the production of fish and other aquatic organisms like molluscs and crustaceans under controlled conditions; it is an alternative to catching wild fish and takes place both inland and in marine areas. The EU produced an estimated 1. In terms of output, the EU's aquaculture sector was the eighth largest worldwide, with a 1.
Five Member States were responsible for about three-quarters of the EU's aquaculture output volume and value. Five Member States were responsible for just under three-quarters In terms of value, however, the United Kingdom was the largest producer, accounting for a little less than one quarter To put the EU's aquaculture industry in some perspective, the volume and value of aquaculture in Norway exceeded that of the whole of the EU; Norway produced 1. It was also the world's second largest exporter of aquatic organisms, after China.
In the other EU countries the share of aquaculture ranges from In general, aquaculture plays a major role in the countries around the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea, where sea-fishing is generally carried out using small-scale vessels with an average capacity lower than the EU average. This helps explain why aquaculture activity plays a relatively large role in the respective fisheries industries of Cyprus accounting for Finfish particularly, salmon, trout, seabass, carp and tuna and molluscs particularly, mussels, oysters and clams together accounted for Some finfish live only in seawater, others in only freshwater and a third group can migrate between the two these being diadromous fish like salmon, trout and eels.
One half Among finfish, the diadromous subgroup mostly Atlantic salmon and rainbow trout accounted for Molluscs mussels, oysters and clams accounted for It should be noted that the production weight corresponds to live weight including all shells and bones. Within the EU, the aquaculture sector is highly specialised at country level.
The United Kingdom was the main producer of diadromous fish in the EU about one half of the EU total due to its salmon farms in Scotland.
At world level, Atlantic salmon Salmo salar was the 9th most produced finfish species and the EU contributed 8. Spain produced seven in every ten tonnes of farmed Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis , largely due to its rafts in the estuaries of Northern Spain using the 'off bottom' method.
Both 'off bottom' preferred in Ireland and 'on-bottom' methods preferred in the Netherlands were used. Greece produced almost one half of the EU's production of farmed marine fish in , particularly gilthead seabream Sparus aurata and European seabass Dicentrarchus labrax. Czechia and Poland were the leading EU producers of farmed freshwater fish, particularly common carp Cyprinus carpio , each producing about one fifth of the EU total. At world level, common carp was the third most farmed finfish species.
Within the EU, pacific cupped oysters Crassostrea gigas were produced mainly in France Worldwide, one-third of all molluscs produced in were cupped oysters. The Japanese carpet shell Ruditapes philippinarum was mostly farmed in Italy At world level it was the second most produced species among the molluscs. Atlantic bluefin tuna Thunnus thynnus was farmed in cages in only three Member States: Malta farmed a little over one half The production of farmed rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykis in the EU is something of an exception to the general observation about country specialisation; rainbow trout were farmed in 24 EU countries.
One half of the weight of rainbow trout produced in came from the combined output of Italy Fish were farmed either in inland freshwater Between and the volume of EU aquaculture production remained relatively stable see Figure 6. Nevertheless, the value of this output has increased relatively steadily and in was 6. During the same period, Norwegian aquaculture has enjoyed significant increases in volume and even higher growth in value.
In , aquaculture production in Norway declined Fish catches cover fish, molluscs, crustaceans and other aquatic animals, residues and aquatic plants that are taken for all purposes, by all types and class of vessel, gear and fishermen, operated in all marine areas: high-sea fishing areas, offshore, inshore or brackish water areas. The production from aquaculture and catches in fresh water are excluded.
Although figures for the total production of fisheries products are only available for , statistics on catches are available for The total EU catch in was 5. So although the EU catch in remained much lower than that at the turn of the Millennium 1. The fishing fleets of Denmark and Spain both caught 0. Spain and Portugal were the only Member States that took catches in all of the seven fishing areas covered by the EU catch statistics. Although the European fishing fleet operates worldwide, three-quarters The key species caught in North East Atlantic were Atlantic herring The amount of fish landed in the EU in was 4.
This represents a rebound from the relative low in , almost back to the level recorded in Denmark accounted for one fifth The overall increase in the amount of landings at the EU-level in in large part reflected changes in these three Member States.
Landings to ports in Norway 2. In contrast to the amount of fish landed, the value of total landings in the EU for declined This reflects the high value attached to its landings of species like tuna, hake, swordfish, squid and pilchards.
In contrast to the weight landed in Denmark, the value of landings represented only 7. Among the main landing countries, values were lower in the United Kingdom However, it was the decline in the value of landings in Ireland Reducing the fleet capacity is an essential tool for achieving a sustainable exploitation of fisheries resources under the Common fisheries policy CFP.
The EU fishing fleet numbered 82 vessels in , with a combined capacity of 1. The EU's fishing fleet continued to shrink; compared to , the number of vessels was down The EU fishing fleet is diverse; Spain has the highest gross tonnage, Italy most power and Greece most vessels. When measured by gross tonnage, Spain had by far the largest fishing fleet among Member States The fleets of the United Kingdom and France, the next largest, were almost half the size of that in Spain.
When measured by engine power, the largest fleet was that in Italy When measured by the number of vessels, the largest fleet in the EU was in Greece Greek vessels were small on average, however, with an average size of 4.
In the case of Iceland, despite having a much smaller fleet than France and Italy in terms of number of vessels, the overall holding capacity gross tonnage was very similar. The statistics are collected using internationally agreed concepts and definitions developed by the Coordinating Working Party CWP , comprising Eurostat and several other international organisations with responsibilities in fisheries statistics.
The European fisheries production statistics include production from catches and aquaculture. Catches refer to fisheries products taken for all purposes commercial, industrial, recreational and subsistence by all types and classes of fishing units including fishermen, vessels, gear, etc.
The flag of the fishing vessel is used as the primary indication of the nationality of the catch. In addition to catches, Eurostat also collects statistics on landings which relate to all fisheries products expressed as product weight landed in the reporting country, regardless of the nationality of the vessel making the landings. Landings by vessels of the reporting country in non-EU ports and imported into the EU are to be included as well. Aquaculture production refers to the farming of aquatic freshwater or saltwater organisms, under controlled conditions.
Aquaculture implies some form of intervention in the natural rearing process such as regular stocking, feeding and protection from predators. Farming also implies individual or corporate ownership of the stock being cultivated. The statistics are reported as the live weight equivalent of the landings in other words, the landed weight of a product to which an appropriate conversion factor has been applied.
Therefore excluded are quantities of fisheries products which are caught but not landed. Statistics for Iceland and Norway are compiled from fleet files submitted by the national authorities. In order to improve readability, only the most significant meta-information has been included under the tables and figures. The following symbols are used, where necessary:. The current common fisheries policy CFP of the EU  aims at an environmentally, economically and socially sustainable use of the common resource including aquaculture production.
World fisheries production
Live products must come from a harvest area that also appears on this list. Harvest area s must be indicated on the EU health certificate exactly as they appear on the list. RTE foods able to support growth of Listeria monocytogenes and unable Table Note 6 to support growth of Listeria monocytogenes.
With more than 1, company-housed employees during peak seasons, Akutan sustains a year-round, multi-species frozen seafood operation capable of processing more than 3 million pounds of raw fish per day. The beach crew employs about 35 people during the summer months, and processing operations are conducted offshore aboard a modern freezer vessel. Fresh sockeye and king salmon from the Copper River dominate production in May and early June. Peak seasonal employment at the two plants is upwards of workers. Cordova North focuses heavily on the production of traditional can-packed and skinless-boneless canned salmon.
Good Catch Foods readies for entry into plant-based alternative animal protein space
Despite fluctuations in supply and demand, caused by the changing state of fisheries resources, the economic climate and environmental conditions, fisheries and aquaculture remain very important as a source of food, employment and revenue in many countries and communities. Reported global capture fisheries and aquaculture production contracted from a figure of million tonnes in to million tonnes in However, production recovered in , for which the preliminary estimate is about million tonnes. The production increase of 20 million tonnes over the last decade was mainly due to aquaculture, as capture fisheries production remained relatively stable. For the two decades following , world marine and inland capture fisheries production increased on average by as much as 6 percent per year, trebling from 18 million tonnes in to 56 million tonnes in During the s and s, the average rate of increase declined to 2 percent per year, falling to almost zero in the s. This levelling off of the total catch follows the general trend of most of the world's fishing areas, which have apparently reached their maximum potential for capture fisheries production, with the majority of stocks being fully exploited. It is therefore very unlikely that substantial increases in total catch will be obtained. In contrast, growth in aquaculture production has shown the opposite tendency. Starting from an insignificant total production, inland and marine aquaculture production grew by about 5 percent per year between and and by about 8 percent per year during the s and s, and it has increased further to 10 percent per year since
Seafood production: wild fish catch vs aquaculture
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European Union (EU) - Export requirements for fish and seafood
News that Burger King and Red Robin are the latest restaurant chains to put Impossible burgers on the menu has kept stories about the rise of plant-based meat alternatives in the spotlight recently. Seafood-style products accounted for only about 1. Farmed fish can come with other problems related to confinement and antibiotic use, and both methods of catching fish raise serious sustainability questions.
Our Members strive to retain the full nutritional value of the fish from the sea. Quality standards are upheld using best practice and traceability all the way from high seas catch via modern fishmeal and fish oil processing techniques through to the end user. The feed grade fish caught for fishmeal production are mainly small oily short-lived, fast-growing fish with little or no demand for human consumption. They are caught using fishing nets with government specified mesh sizes. The area where they are caught and the time of catching will be determined by government controls to ensure quotas are upheld.
The term fish processing refers to the processes associated with fish and fish products between the time fish are caught or harvested, and the time the final product is delivered to the customer. Although the term refers specifically to fish, in practice it is extended to cover any aquatic organisms harvested for commercial purposes, whether caught in wild fisheries or harvested from aquaculture or fish farming. Larger fish processing companies often operate their own fishing fleets or farming operations. The products of the fish industry are usually sold to grocery chains or to intermediaries. Fish are highly perishable. A central concern of fish processing is to prevent fish from deteriorating, and this remains an underlying concern during other processing operations. Fish processing can be subdivided into fish handling, which is the preliminary processing of raw fish, and the manufacture of fish products. Another natural subdivision is into primary processing involved in the filleting and freezing of fresh fish for onward distribution to fresh fish retail and catering outlets, and the secondary processing that produces chilled, frozen and canned products for the retail and catering trades.
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FAO maintains several global databases such as catch statistics, aquaculture production and international introductions Welcomme FAO uses FishBase as one of several vehicles to make these data widely available. FAO Catches FAO regularly publishes the Yearbook of Fishery Statistics — Catches and Landings , which provides annual statistics on nominal catches of fish, crustaceans, mollusks and other aquatic animals, residues and plants cf. FAO
The global commercial production for human use of fish and other aquatic organisms occurs in two ways: they are either captured wild by commercial fishing or they are cultivated and harvested using aquacultural and farming techniques. In addition, 1. The following table shows the capture production by groups of species fish, crustaceans , molluscs , etc. The following table shows the fish production in and projections for and later simulation target years.
Над головой, в головокружительном пустом пространстве, на потрепанной веревке раскачивалась серебряная курильница размером с холодильник, описывая громадную дугу и источая едва уловимый аромат. Колокола Гиральды по-прежнему звонили, заставляя содрогаться каменные своды. Беккер перевел взгляд на позолоченную стену под потолком. Его сердце переполняла благодарность.
- Нам сейчас пригодится любая помощь. Посверкивая в красноватом свете туннельных ламп, перед ними возникла стальная дверь. Фонтейн набрал код на специальной углубленной панели, после чего прикоснулся к небольшой стеклянной пластинке. Сигнальная лампочка вспыхнула, и массивная стена с грохотом отъехала влево. В АНБ было только одно помещение, еще более засекреченное, чем шифровалка, и Сьюзан поняла, что сейчас она окажется в святая святых агентства.
Пальцы Соши стремительно забегали по клавишам. - Так посылал свои распоряжения Цезарь! - сказала Сьюзан. - Количество букв всегда составляло совершенный квадрат.
- Готово! - крикнула Соши.