Warehouse space yarn produced by the flax industry
The family business is currently run by the fourth generation of Vannestes : Alex Vanneste. We are modifying shortening and refining the long-staple flax and tow into a fiber with the characteristics of cotton, a artificial or synthetic fiber that is suitable to spin on the short staple ring or rotor spinning system. We are certainly the only linen tops supplier offering dyed colors. More than 40 reactive dyed shades are available from stock. All our yarns are spun with European flax selected in the best growing areas in France, Belgium and Nederland.VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: Riverside Warehouse Space For Sale
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The Project Gutenberg eBook, Textiles, by William H. Dooley
Textile manufacturing is one of the oldest human activities. The oldest known textiles date back to about B. In order to make textiles, the first requirement is a source of fibre from which a yarn can be made, primarily by spinning. The yarn is processed by knitting or weaving to create cloth. The machine used for weaving is the loom.
Cloth is finished by what are described as wet processes to become fabric. The fabric may be dyed , printed or decorated by embroidering with coloured yarns. The three main types of fibres are natural vegetable fibres , animal protein fibres and artificial fibres. Natural vegetable fibres include cotton , linen , jute and hemp.
Animal protein fibres include wool and silk. Man-made fibres made by industrial processes including nylon , polyester will be used in some hobbies and handicrafts and in the developed world.
Almost all commercial textiles are produced by industrial methods. Textiles are still produced by pre-industrial processes in village communities in Asia, Africa and South America. Creating textiles using traditional manual techniques is an artisan craft practised as a hobby in Europe and North America. The preparations for spinning is similar across most plant fibres, including flax and hemp. Flax is the fibre used to create linen.
Cotton is handled differently since it uses the fruit of the plant and not the stem. Flax is pulled out of the ground about a month after the initial blooming when the lower part of the plant begins to turn yellow, and when the most forward of the seeds are found in a soft state.
It is pulled in handfuls and several handfuls are tied together with slip knot into a 'beet'. The string is tightened as the stalks dry. The seed heads are removed and the seeds collected, by threshing and winnowing. Retting is the process of rotting away the inner stalk, leaving the outer fibres intact. A standing pool of warm water is needed, into which the beets are submerged.
An acid is produced when retting, and it would corrode a metal container. When the retting is complete the bundles feel soft and slimy, The process can be overdone, and the fibres rot too. Dressing is removing the fibres from the straw and cleaning it enough to be spun. The flax is broken, scutched and hackled in this step. Flax can either be spun from a distaff , or from the spinner's lap. Spinners keep their fingers wet when spinning, to prevent forming fuzzy thread.
Usually singles are spun with an "S" twist. After flax is spun it is washed in a pot of boiling water for a couple of hours to set the twist and reduce fuzziness. Many handspinners will buy a roving of flax. This roving is spun in the same manner as above. Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fibre that grows in a boll , or protective capsule, around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus Gossypium.
The fibre is almost pure cellulose. The plant is a shrub native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including the Americas, Africa, and India. The greatest diversity of wild cotton species is found in Mexico, followed by Australia and Africa. The most favoured cottons are the ones with the longest staple as they can be spun into the finest thread. Sea Island and Egyptian are two of these. Surat an Indian species has a short staple. Hand operated methods of processing remained the preferred way of spinning and weaving the very finest threads and fabrics into the third quarter of the nineteenth century.
Yucca fibres were at one time widely used throughout Central America for many things. Currently they are mainly used to make twine. Yucca leaves are harvested and then cut to a standard size. The leaves are crushed in between two large rollers producing the fibres which are bundled up and dried in the sun over trellises. The dried fibres are combined into rolags.
At this point it is ready to spin. The waste, a pulpy liquid that stinks, can be used as a fertilizer.
Wool is a protein based fibre, being the coat of a sheep. The wool is removed by shearing. Shearing can be done with use of hand-shears or powered shears. Professional sheep shearers can shear a sheep in under a minute, without nicking the sheep.
The fleece is removed in one piece. Second cuts can be made but produce only short fibres, which are more difficult to spin. Primitive breeds, like the Scottish Soay sheep have to be plucked, not sheared, as the kemps are still longer than the soft fleece, a process called rooing. Skirting is disposing of all wool that is unsuitable for spinning.
Recovering can be attempted. It can also be done at the same time as carding. The wool is cleaned. At this point the fleece is full of lanolin and often contains extraneous vegetable matter, such as sticks, twigs, burrs and straw. These may all be removed, though lanolin may be left in the wool till after the spinning, a technique known as spinning 'in the grease'.
Indeed, if the fabric is to be water repellent, lanolin is not removed at any stage. Washing the wool at this stage can be a tedious process. Some people wash it a small handful at a time very carefully, and then set it out to dry on a table in the sun. Others will wash the whole fleece. Lanolin is removed by soaking the fleece in very hot water. If the fleece gets agitated, it will become felt , and then spinning is impossible.
Felting , when done on purpose with needles, chemicals, or simply rubbing the fibres against each other , can be used to create garments. It is possible to spin directly from a clean fleece, but it is much easier to spin a carded fleece. Carding by hand yields a rolag , a loose woollen roll of fibres. Using a drum carder yields a bat, which is a mat of fibres in a flat, rectangular shape. Carding mills return the fleece in a roving , which is a stretched bat; it is very long and often the thickness of a wrist.
A pencil roving is a roving thinned to the width of a pencil. It can used for knitting without any spinning, or for apprentices. Combing is another method to align the fibres parallel to the yarn, and thus is good for spinning a worsted yarn, whereas the rolag from handcards produces a woolen yarn. Hand spinning can be done by using a spindle or the spinning wheel. Spinning turns the carded wool fibres into yarn which can then be directly woven , knitted flat or circular , crocheted , or by other means turned into fabric or a garment.
The spinning wheel collects the yarn on a bobbin. A woollen yarn is lightly spun so it is airey, and is a good insulator and suitable for knitting, while a worsted yarn is spun tight to exclude air, and has greater strength and is suited to weaving..
Once the bobbin is full, the hobby spinner either puts on a new bobbin, or forms a skein , or balls the yarn. A skein is a coil of yarn twisted into a loose knot.
Yarn is skeined using a niddy-noddy or other type of skein -winder. Yarn is rarely balled directly after spinning, it will be stored in skein form, and transferred to a ball only if needed. Knitting from a skein, is difficult as the yarn forms knots, in this case it is best to ball.
Yarn to be plied is left on the bobbin. A skein is either formed by the hobby spinner, on a niddy noddy or some other type of skein winder. Traditionally niddy-noddys looked like an uppercase "i", with the bottom half rotated 90 degrees. Hobby spinning wheel manufactures also make niddy-noddys that attach onto the spinning wheel for faster skein winding.
Plying yarn is when one takes a strand of spun yarn one strand is often called a single and spins it together with other strands in order to make a thicker yarn. Regular plying consists of taking two or more singles and twisting them together, the against their twist. This can be done on a spinning wheel or on a spindle. If the yarn was spun clockwise which is called a "Z" twist , to ply, the wheel must spin counter-clockwise an "S" twist.
This is the most common way. When plying from bobbins a device called a lazy kate is often used to hold them. Most hobby spinners who use spinning wheels ply from bobbins. This is easier than plying from balls because there is less chance for the yarn to become tangled and knotted if it is simply unwound from the bobbins.
So that the bobbins can unwind freely, they are put in a device called a lazy kate , or sometimes simply kate. The simplest lazy kate consists of wooden bars with a metal rod running between them. Most hold between three and four bobbins.
Donegal Tweed is a attractive wool that's perfect for a variety of uses including clothing, upholstery and curtains. Donegal Tweed is a classic traditional fabric that will never go out of fashion. Fabric tends to be divided into two categories, upholstery and curtain fabric.
Textile Products The product line includes a variety of product families: fiberglass cloth, tape. Textile purchases are often a huge investment. Shop Browse KnollTextiles wall covering - vinyl, type II, extreme performance, specialty, and environmental products are available for online purchase today. Ekelund is a global brand with roots in Swedish design traditions. Examples: Batts and batting except nonwoven fabrics manufacturing, Carpet cutting and binding, Diapers except disposable made from purchased fabric, Dust cloths made from purchased fabric, Embroidering on textile products except apparel for the trade, Sleeping bags manufacturing, Textile fire hose made from purchased materials.
The Flax Lab
The Flax Council of Canada is a national organization which promotes Canadian flax and flax products for nutritional and industrial uses in domestic and international markets. Established in with full representation from all agricultural and industrial flax interests, the Flax Council promotes the advancement of flax and flax products. Everything you need to know about flax in an easy-to-find news format. Topics such as seeding, harvesting, managing pests and diseases for example. Flax usage varies throughout many industries, applications, and uses in Canada. Here, you will find a wealth of information regarding flax usage, as well as technical and research data. The Flax Council of Canada has a great selection of resource material for download. Available are food guides, field manuals, recipe books and general flax information for download. In the past, the only way to cope with flax straw was to drop it in windrows after the combine and then burn it directly or harrow or rake it into piles and then burn it. More recently, straw choppers on new combines have been used to effectively chop and spread flax straw, if the straw was dry and relatively short or fibre content was relatively low due to drier growing season weather.
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If innovation was not our DNA, Safilin would not be what it is today. Since years, we know that if we don't move foward, we decline Our research activity is based on three major pillars: We are attentive.
Spinning mill equipment. I have been working with fiber and fiber animals for 30 years. Winding of length formations of various materials The production facility consists of a sq.
The author established and since its inception has been in charge of the first industrial school for boys and girls in Massachusetts. At an early date he recognized the need of special text-books to meet the demand of young people who are attending vocational schools. There are plenty of books written on textiles for technical school students and advanced workers. But the author has failed to find a book explaining the manufacture and testing of textiles for commercial, industrial, domestic arts, and continuation schools, and for those who have just entered the textile or allied trades. This book is written to meet this educational need. Others may find the book of interest, particularly the chapters describing cotton, woolen, worsted, and silk fabrics.
Textile manufacturing by pre-industrial methods
Due to the combination of high mechanical performances and plant-based origin, flax fibers are interesting reinforcement for environmentally friendly composite materials. An increasing amount of research articles and reviews focuses on the processing and properties of flax-based products, without taking into account the original key role of flax fibers, namely, reinforcement elements of the flax stem Linum usitatissimum L. The ontogeny of the plant, scattering of fiber properties along the plant, or the plant growth conditions are rarely considered. The first part of the present review synthesized the general knowledge about the growth stages of flax plants and the internal organization of the stem biological tissues. Additionally, key findings regarding the development of its fibers, from elongation to thickening, are reviewed to offer a piece of explanation of the uncommon morphological properties of flax fibers. Then, the slenderness of flax is illustrated by comparison of data given in scientific research on herbaceous plants and woody ones. In the second section, a state of the art of the varietal selection of several main industrial crops is given. This section includes the different selection criteria as well as an overview of their impact on plant characteristics.
Re-establishing the value chain for Swiss flax production and industrial manufacturing - this is SwissFlax, the link between Swiss flax farmers and the textile industry. Historically, flax has been cultivated in Switzerland for centuries. To bring back this tradition, to re-establish Swiss flax in the markets and to initiatie industrial production, SwissFlax GmbH was founded in as a successor of IG Niutex. SwissFlax stands for high quality on the basis of ecological actions.
Textile manufacturing is one of the oldest human activities. The oldest known textiles date back to about B. In order to make textiles, the first requirement is a source of fibre from which a yarn can be made, primarily by spinning. The yarn is processed by knitting or weaving to create cloth.
Linen Mills There are more than textile mills in North Carolina. Home Textile. Pawan Tyagi, are textile technocrats from renowned textile institute, The Technological Institute of Textiles, Bhiwani with specialzation in Spinning. Italian weaving mills select only the finest linen yarns to produce their fabrics with.
Это все, что я могу вам сказать. Я уполномочен заплатить вам за. На мгновение в комнате повисла тишина, затем Росио приоткрыла губы в хитрой улыбке. - Ну видите, все не так страшно, правда? - Она села в кресло и скрестила ноги.
Да, да, прямо. К тому же у нас вышел из строя генератор. Я требую направить сюда всю энергию из внешних источников. Все системы должны заработать через пять минут. Грег Хейл убил одного из младших сотрудников лаборатории систем безопасности и взял в заложники моего старшего криптографа.
Если нужно, используйте против всех нас слезоточивый газ. Если мистер Хейл не образумится, снайперы должны быть готовы стрелять на поражение.
Направляясь к центру Третьего узла, Сьюзан пыталась привести свои мысли в порядок. Странно, что она чувствует нервозность в такой знакомой ей обстановке. В темноте все в Третьем узле казалось чужим.