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Space product products of fish farming, beekeeping, sericulture, artificial insemination

Space product products of fish farming, beekeeping, sericulture, artificial insemination

Post a Comment. August 24, Management of Farm and Farm animals:. A professional approach to what have been traditional practices of farm management could give the much needed boost to our food production.

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Fish farming (new, with animal welfare information)

Organic aquaculture follows the same general rules as all other organic animals regarding feeding, breeding and human management.

In addition, the following requirements should be met, when establishing or converting to organic aquaculture:. In aquatic ecosystems, the biodiversity of natural aquatic ecosystems should be considered, as well as the health of the aquatic environment, and the quality of surrounding aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, This means that all relevant organic requirements regarding ecosystem management shall be met, and e.

Waste and nutrients should also not be let into the natural environment, and clearly all artificial fertilizers and pesticides are prohibited. With regard to breeding of organic fish, their life should start in an organic unit. It can be permitted to buy in non-organic fish to an organic farming system, given that they will spend at least two thirds of their lives there, and die to the norms, artificially polyploided organisms or artificially produced monosex stock shall not be used.

Only breeds and breeding techniques suited to the region should be used. The general principle of feeding is that ' Organic aquatic animals receive their nutritional needs from good quality, organic sources', that is, they shall be fed organic feed.

Until 31 st Dec. Use of water containing human excrement is prohibited, as it can mean transfer of certain diseases. Feeding fish is a challenge, because some of them would live from fish and smaller animals in nature, and therefore they should be fed with these animals, although they can grow and seem fine on being fed with plant products. The general principle for animal health and welfare for aquatic animals is very much similar to that of other animals: ' Organic management practices promote and maintain the health and well-being of animals through balanced organic nutrition, stress-free living conditions appropriate to the species and breed selection for resistance to diseases, parasites and infections.

The same rules for use of veterinary medicine applies for fish, such as medicine for prevention is prohibited, and the first choice should be natural methods and medicines. Use of chemical allopathic veterinary drugs and antibiotics is prohibited for invertebrates other aquatic animals than fish, e.

Synthetic hormones and growth promoters are prohibited for use to artificially stimulate growth and reproduction. Stocking density must not compromise animal welfare; this should be adjusted to age and breed of fish. Apart from this, it is said Norms 6. When organic aquatic animals are transported and slaughtered, they should be subjected to minimum stress, and their species specific needs shall be respected, like with all other animals.

The operator shall handle live organisms in ways which are compatible with their physiological requirements. Requirement 6. Operators shall implement defined measures to ensure that organic aquatic animals are provided with conditions during transportation and slaughter that meet animal specific needs and minimize the adverse effects of a diminishing water quality, b time spent in transport; c stocking density, d toxic substances; e escape.

Aquaculture refers to the farming propagation and rearing of aquatic water dwelling organisms that include fin fish, mollusks, crustaceans and aquatic plants in controlled or semi controlled environments. The farming activities involve interventions such as stocking, feeding and protection from diseases and predator s to enhance productivity.

However Aquaculture is used interchangeably with other terms like fish farming, pisiculture, pond fisheries and pond culture. Mariculture refers to aquaculture done in marine ocean environments. Some examples of aquaculture include:. With an Indian Ocean coastline of about km, mariculture is yet to realise any sensible development and therefore fresh water culture dominates aquaculture activities.

Fresh water aquaculture can be divided into:. The total area under aquaculture in Kenya stands at National average productivity stands at about 5. This alone created a national short-term demand of about 28 million certified tilapia and catfish fingerlings and over 14, metric tonnes of formulated fish feeds.

The multiplier effect resulting from farmers digging their own ponds is expected to increase the demand for fingerlings to over million and the demand for fish feeds to , MT in the medium term Charo-Karisa and Gichuri, Planning involves a detailed evaluation of the biological, economic, and socio-legal feasibility of production.

Remember that economic considerations are as important as biological considerations in aquaculture. Socio-legal issues are potentially capable of limiting or even making it completely impossible to undertake aquaculture production.

It is essential to ascertain that the business concept is sound. Ask whether:. Business planning is important to both new and established aquaculture enterprises.

It enhances the chances for success and helps avoid costly mistakes. This plan will be helpful when looking for financiers, because many financial institutes require a formal business plan. A business plan should be a working document that is reviewed and updated at least on yearly basis. Importance of business planning:.

Where will I sell my fish? Surprisingly this question is asked very often by very many producers deep into their production cycle. Others ask this question after they have harvested their fish. Serious producers should ask and get answers to this question well before they go into production. After answering these, the entrepreneur should be able to make a decision on whether to continue or abandon the proposed production. If the entrepreneur decides to go on, then, it is time to develop a marketing strategy.

A marketing strategy is a plan to achieve the financial goals of the entrepreneur. The strategy should address; the products, product prices, advertisement and where to sell as regards marketing. Ideally, the products must be sold for more than the production cost and quantities that allow the producer to make gains and remain in business.

Marketing strategy involves: i. Analyzing the market situation ii. Formulating marketing goals iii. Evaluating and selecting suitable marketing alternatives i. In formulating marketing goals, the producer must ask, and be able to answer, the following:. When planning for commercial aquaculture, the following aspects of production must be considered very critically: i.

Species to be produced ii. Production site iii. Production technology I. Different species require different climatic conditions to perform optimally. For example:.

It is also important to know whether the species selected for production is adaptable to intended culture conditions and there is adequate knowledge of the reproductive biology, nutritional requirements, common diseases and parasites of the species. Also important is to ascertain that the species proposed for production is being profitably produced at commercial levels by other producers. Other issues to consider, which are equally important are:. Aquaculture is done at different management and intensification levels.

On small-holder farms it will mainly be in earthen ponds but even on a small scale the requirements and needs of the fish must be met and the production must add to the economics of the household. The choice of the production level will depend on:. Depending on the proposed targets and the resources available, the producer will make a choice for an extensive or an intensive system:. In these systems little or no input is used in the production.

Low costs recourses and labor , low stocking densities and thus low yields characterize the systems. The main cultured species are Tilapines e. These are low input-low out put production systems. Majority of the small scale, subsistence fish farmers in rural Kenya fall in this category.

These systems can be organic because they don't use chemical fertilizers and artificial feed. The fish can be sold on the local market. Semi-intensive systems These systems form the bulk of aquaculture production in Kenya. In these systems still water earthen ponds and cages are used as holding units for fish culture.

Still water pond culture uses the natural productivity of the water to sustain the species under culture. Exogenous feeding using cereals bran and other locally available feeds is done to supplement pond productivity. In these highly industrialized systems water flows in and out continuously flow through. This allows higher stocking densities. The systems require good supply of good quality water.

Less land is required to produce the same quantity of fish as compared to extensive and semi-intensive systems. The systems employ mainly raceways, various types of tanks and floating cages as holding units.

Such operations require high initial capital investment and high operational cost. They are mainly suited for high value fish. There are very few such operations in Kenya and most of them produce Rainbow trout. This depends on the management levels employed by individual producers. This production can go higher with better management and quality feeds.

Some of these aspects can be very volatile and their changes might have enormous effects on the profitability of projects. For investors to be able to make choices on where and how to invest, they need to know how likely variations on production output, cost of inputs or even changes in the market prices for the products will affect their future cash flows and net incomes. For aquaculture investments, sensitivity can be analyzed by simulating changes but not limited to in:.

The basic structure of an Enterprise Budget consists of: i Gross Receipts. All tilapia species are nest builders; fertilized eggs are guarded in the nest by a brood parent. Tilapia zillii. Tilapia rendalli. Fecundity refers to the number of eggs produced by a fish in a spawn. This applies well for monocyclic species, that is, once a year breeders.

Table of Contents

Forage Crops Lorann Stallones. Livestock Confinement Kelley Donham. Animal Husbandry Dean T. Stueland and Paul D.

Organic aquaculture follows the same general rules as all other organic animals regarding feeding, breeding and human management. In addition, the following requirements should be met, when establishing or converting to organic aquaculture:.

Beekeeping or apiculture is the maintenance of bee colonies, commonly in man-made hives , by humans. Most such bees are honey bees in the genus Apis , but other honey-producing bees such as Melipona stingless bees are also kept. A beekeeper or apiarist keeps bees in order to collect their honey and other products that the hive produce including beeswax , propolis , flower pollen , bee pollen , and royal jelly , to pollinate crops, or to produce bees for sale to other beekeepers. A location where bees are kept is called an apiary or "bee yard". Depictions of humans collecting honey from wild bees date to 10, years ago.


Выслушав подробности, он долго молчал. Дэвид, - сказал наконец Стратмор мрачным голосом, - обнаружение этого кольца - вопрос национальной безопасности. Я возлагаю эту задачу на. Не подведите. И положил трубку. Дэвид, задержавшись в будке, тяжко вздохнул. Взял потрепанный справочник Guia Telefonica и начал листать желтые страницы.

Вы не знаете, кто он. - Какой-то турист. - Вы уверены. - Туризм - моя профессия! - отрезал Клушар.

Сьюзан была ошеломлена.

На плюшевом диване, закутавшись в махровый халат, грелся на солнце Дэвид и внимательно за ней наблюдал. Она протянула руку, поманив его к. - Без воска? - тихо спросила она, обнимая. - Без воска.

Она окинула его высокомерным взглядом и швырнула отчет на стол. - Я верю этим данным. Чутье подсказывает мне, что здесь все верно.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Segrest Farms Breeding Facility and University of Florida Aquaculture Lab-Traveling the fish scene-

ТРАНСТЕКСТ устроил себе перерыв. - Перерыв? - Бринкерхофф не был в этом уверен. Он достаточно долго проработал бок о бок с директором и знал, что перерыв не относился к числу поощряемых им действий - особенно когда дело касалось ТРАНСТЕКСТА. Фонтейн заплатил за этого бегемота дешифровки два миллиарда и хотел, чтобы эти деньги окупились сполна. Каждая минута простоя ТРАНСТЕКСТА означала доллары, спущенные в канализацию.

У нас осталось всего восемь минут. Мы ищем число, а не произвольный набор букв. - Четыре умножить на шестнадцать, - спокойно сказал Дэвид.  - Вспомни арифметику, Сьюзан. Сьюзан посмотрела на Беккера, наблюдавшего за ней с экрана. Вспомнить арифметику. Он сам считает как фокусник. Она знала, что он перемножает цифры и намертво запоминает словари, не хуже ксерокса.

Jun 26, - The views expressed in this information product are those of the Chapter 6 Integrated value-chain development of mountain products for dairying, fishing, bee-keeping and forestry at watershed area and a more dispersed living and farming space. conducting efficient Artificial Insemination (AI).

Он разглядывал роскошную внутреннюю отделку, выстроившиеся в ряд компьютеры, диваны, книжные полки, залитые мягким светом. Увидав королеву шифровалки Сьюзан Флетчер, Чатрукьян моментально отвел. Он боялся ее как огня.

Обычно они лишь уменьшали их яркость; кодекс чести гарантировал, что никто в их отсутствие к терминалу не прикоснется. К черту кодекс чести, - сказала она.  - Посмотрим, чем ты тут занимаешься.

Если он знал, что мы его ликвидируем, то естественно было бы ожидать, что он накажет нас, допустив исчезновение кольца. В разговор вмешался новый участник.

- Д-директор. Все повернулись к экрану.

Дэвид - это отличная кандидатура. Стратмор отрешенно кивнул: - Он вернется сегодня вечером.

Мистер, - сказала она дрожащим голосом, - я не говорила вам, как меня зовут. Откуда вы узнали. ГЛАВА 74 Шестидесятитрехлетний директор Лиланд Фонтейн был настоящий человек-гора с короткой военной стрижкой и жесткими манерами. Когда он бывал раздражен, а это было почти всегда, его черные глаза горели как угли.

Черт возьми, Мидж! - взорвался Джабба.  - Я сказал, что вируса в шифровалке. Тебе надо лечиться от паранойи. В трубке повисло молчание. - Мидж… - Джабба попробовал извиниться.  - Позволь мне объяснить.

- Она выдержала паузу.  - Постараюсь побыстрее. - А лучше еще быстрее.  - Стратмор положил трубку.

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  1. Zulkimuro

    As that interestingly sounds