Units space engineering equipment of buildings and structures
Time Required: 1 hours 45 minutes 2 - 50 minute periods. Most curricular materials in TeachEngineering are hierarchically organized; i. Some activities or lessons, however, were developed to stand alone, and hence, they might not conform to this strict hierarchy. Related Curriculum shows how the document you are currently viewing fits into this hierarchy of curricular materials.VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: MIT AeroAstro - Space Systems Laboratory - Building Systems for Space from Design to Operation
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Undergraduate study 2020
Time Required: 1 hours 45 minutes 2 - 50 minute periods. Most curricular materials in TeachEngineering are hierarchically organized; i. Some activities or lessons, however, were developed to stand alone, and hence, they might not conform to this strict hierarchy. Related Curriculum shows how the document you are currently viewing fits into this hierarchy of curricular materials. All rights reserved. The responsibilities of engineers and architects often overlap. Both professions are integral to the design and construction of structures, such as buildings and bridges.
Architects design the space to meet client needs, as well as the aesthetic appearance of the inside and exterior of the building.
Engineers' main responsibility is to ensure the design is safe and meets all appropriate building codes. Engineers concern themselves with making buildings safe and functional by selecting structural materials, determining the structural members of the design, and specify the electrical, heating, ventilation, air conditioning and plumbing systems.
One way that engineers and architects communicate their ideas to each another is through blueprints, or technical drawings. Each TeachEngineering lesson or activity is correlated to one or more K science, technology, engineering or math STEM educational standards. In the ASN, standards are hierarchically structured: first by source; e. View aligned curriculum. Do you agree with this alignment? Thanks for your feedback! Student teams meet a set of requirements and given constraints as they create small-scale model parking garages.
They experience the engineering design process as they design, plan and build their model structures, and then test them for strength to determine their maximum loads. Students explore the effects of regional geology on bridge foundation, including the variety of soil conditions found beneath foundations.
They learn about shallow and deep foundations, as well as the concepts of bearing pressure and settlement. To introduce the two types of stress that materials undergo — compression and tension — students examine compressive and tensile forces and learn about bridges and skyscrapers.
They construct their own building structure using marshmallows and spaghetti to see which structure can hold the most weigh The day of the Olympic soccer game has finally arrived!
Your class has rented an eco-friendly bus to take you to the Olympic stadium. As you pull up to the drop off point, you are in awe of how many people are around the stadium. The parking structure is jammed full, with cars packed into all 10 levels. The parking structure is very modern looking — with all sorts of fancy touches and decorations. It is indeed impressive. You know that civil engineers help to make buildings, but are a bit curious about who else might be involved in the process.
Who else do you think may be involved in the process of making buildings? Other types of engineers, architects, land use planners, construction workers, among others, are all involved in creating buildings. The two main designers of a building are the architect and the engineer. This may seem a bit confusing at first, as the roles and responsibilities of engineers and architects are not clear cut and overlap a bit.
Let's try to clear things up, starting off with things that we know. What is an engineer? An engineer is a person who designs and builds things for the benefit of society. Engineers use math and science to design and build structures, equipment and processes. What is an architect? An architect is a person who develops the creative designs for buildings or structures. So, the jobs of an engineer and architect, although similar, vary in some details.
How do architects and engineers work together? The architect is more concerned with the look of the structure, whereas the engineer is primarily concerned with the safety and functionality of the structure. The engineer figures out which materials to use and how to safely construct the building the architect has envisioned. Skyscrapers are a good example.
Think of skyscrapers and how tall they are — what a massive feat to design and build such a tall structure. Figure 1. Sturdy steel "I-beams" allow skyscrapers to be constructed. Has anyone ever been in a skyscraper? Skyscrapers did not exist until about 90 years ago. Before there were skyscrapers, the tallest buildings could only stand about 10 stories high.
This was because the main material used in constructing structures was wood. Architects had plans and hopes for taller buildings, but the materials available at the time did not allow for buildings to hold the weight of buildings greater than about 10 stories tall. Engineers began to develop steel beams that are much stronger than wood and could be used in the construction of buildings and bridges.
Today, we call these sturdy beams, I-beams see Figure 1. The development of steel I-beams was precisely what architects needed in order to build taller buildings; as a result, skyscrapers began to shoot up high into the sky. Clearly, modern cities — with their amazing skylines — are the result of a joint effort between engineers and architects. The height and beauty of buildings and other structure cannot be accomplished without the efforts of both types of engineering. Figure 2.
Architects discuss a blueprint. So, we know that architects wanted to make bigger, more elaborate buildings, and engineers helped them to figure out how to make it possible. It seems, then, that architects come up with an idea and then make a plan that engineers help them execute. The architect's plan has a special name — it's called a blueprint see Figure 2.
Has anyone seen a blueprint? What is the purpose of a blueprint? After the architect creates the blueprint building plan , the engineer goes over the architect's design and decides what materials must be used to make bring the architect's design to completion and to make the building strong enough for use. Many types of engineers also work on other systems within a building, such as elevators, lighting, heating, ventilation, air-conditioning, plumbing and much more.
It requires a lot of engineering teamwork to design, construct and finally prepare a building for daily use. From selecting appropriate furniture to energy efficient window coverings to sound proofing carpet, there are a lot of details that go into building design. An architect and engineer both participate in designing and building a structure, whether it is a house or a skyscraper.
An architect designs and draws up plans for buildings, bridges, and other structures. The goal of an architect's design is to satisfy the customer's requirements, making the appearance of the structure to the customer's liking and performing quality work. Civil, architectural and structural engineers have the responsibility of applying an architect's design and carrying it through to construction. The goal of these engineers is to satisfy the customer's requirements and make the design functional and safe.
Other engineers that may be involved in building design are electrical engineers for the lighting systems, mechanical engineers for the elevator, and plumbing engineers for the plumbing system, among others. Figure 3. A scaled-drawing. The key difference between an architect and an engineer is that an architect focuses more on the artistry and design of the building, while the engineer focuses more on the technical and structural side. While the architect is concerned with making the building aesthetically pleasing, an engineer makes sure that the building is functional and safe.
There is, of course, a lot of overlap, but these definitions should give students a general idea. Architects design a structure by considering the customer's needs and requirements. Engineers design the structure according to the architect's design, including electrical drawings, structural layout and plumbing. To develop and present their designs, both architects and engineers use technical drawings called blueprints.
A blueprint is the detailed drawing presented by an architect or engineer that outlines their design. Before an engineer can approve an architect's design, they have to analyze the design and select materials that can safely uphold the structure. An engineer takes the blueprint presented by an architect and determines whether or not it is possible to build, and what are the best materials to use. Different materials have different advantages, such as greater strength or greater flexibility.
One advantage of wood, for example, is that it provides a lot of strength but can also be cut down to size with ease. Steel, however, is better for tall buildings because it is stronger than wood and can be made into long beams.
There are a lot of decisions that go into every minor detail of designing and building structures. In order to design safe structures that will last for many decades, engineers must stay current on the properties of materials, know about design flaws and research new engineering technology.
Watch this activity on YouTube. It is getting close to game time and your class decides to head into the stadium to grab your seats before the action starts! As you walk into Olympic stadium, you are still thinking about what you just learned about architects and engineers. You know that there are lots of different sites for the different Olympic events: the soccer field, the gymnasium, the swimming facility, and many more. Some of these buildings look really neat and must have taken a lot of work from both architects and engineers!
Let's see if you can remember the difference between the roles of an architect and an engineer. Who can tell me what architects do? Answer: An architect focuses more on the artistry and design of the building.
And what do engineers do?
Modern building practices
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Engineers are collaborators. They work with designers, scientists, technicians and other specialists with the drive of discovery, the will to meet a challenge, and the desire to create something new. Engineers balance creative design, analysis and applied science. They cross disciplines, and borders, to design, build and manage structures, machines, manufacturing processes and infrastructure.
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The bolded first line begins with a capitalized abbreviation that designates the subject area followed by the course number and title. The unit value is also displayed. See the course description for details. Cultural Pluralism requirement. GWR: Indicates the course will satisfy the Graduation Writing Requirement, if the student earns a grade of C or better AND receives certification of proficiency in writing based on a word in-class essay. The course description summarizes the purpose and key topical areas of the course, and includes special requirements if they exist. If a course can be taken more than once for credit, the description will indicate that either major credit or total credit is limited to a specified number of units.
The composition of materials used in a building is a major factor in its lifecycle environmental impact. Whether new or renovated, federal facilities must lead the way in the use of greener materials and processes that do not pollute or unnecessarily contribute to the waste stream, do not adversely affect health, and do not deplete limited natural resources. As the growing global economy expands the demand for raw materials, it is no longer sensible to throw away much of what we consider construction and demolition waste. Using a "cradle-to-cradle" approach, while incorporating appropriate environmental controls, where necessary, the "waste" from one generation can become the "raw material" of the next. When developing specifications, product descriptions and standards, consider a broad range of environmental factors over a product's lifecycle.
The continued global expansion of the aviation and aerospace industries is driving a strong demand for aerospace engineers. In the UAE, as well as the Middle East, the aerospace industry has continued to expand at a rate significantly above the global average. The geographic and economic positions of the UAE are two of the drivers spurring the growth of aircraft manufacturing, maintenance repair-overhaul MRO facilities, and space-related industries. Principles of science and engineering are applied to the design and analysis of flight vehicles and related aerospace systems in well-designed course sequences to ensure that students gain hands on experience in developing flight vehicles from concept to design, including the fabrication and testing processes.
Understand the foundations of aerospace engineering science and explore the latest thinking in aircraft design and manufacture. The first two years of this course give you a detailed understanding of core mechanical engineering principles. Lectures are balanced with laboratory work to give you the skills you need to build, analyse and test a product. This is to help you develop the set of skills needed by professional engineers.
Some of the tallest residential buildings in the world soar above Central Park, including Park Avenue, which rises 1, feet and features an array of penthouses and apartments for the ultrarich. But Park also has an increasingly common feature in these new towers: swaths of unoccupied space. About a quarter of its 88 floors will have no homes because they are filled with structural and mechanical equipment. The towers benefiting the most from the zoning quirk have all sprouted during the past half-decade: enormous glass and steel buildings with lavish condominiums that sell for millions of dollars. Many line the blocks around Central Park, some of the most expensive and coveted real estate in the city, and have become second homes for Chinese billionaires, European tycoons and out-of-state hedge fund investors.
Are you comfortable working with mechanical engineers but not as well-versed working with chemical engineers? Use the following information and become educated at a high level, as you learn more about other engineering skill sets. It involves the knowledge of aerodynamics, structural design, propulsion engines, navigation, communication, and other related areas.
Aerospace Engineering (AERO)
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Optimize Building Space and Material Use
These buildings are typically used for workshops, factories, industrial and distribution warehouses and retail and leisure. Whilst most single-storey buildings are relatively straightforward building projects, increasing levels of specialisation by steelwork contractors and other supply chain members have, in recent years, led to huge improvements in quality, cost and delivery performance of single storey steel buildings. These improvements have been achieved through increasingly efficient use of the portal frame by design-and-build steelwork contractors, improved project planning , and active supply chain management by main contractors.
Structural engineering is a sub-discipline of civil engineering in which structural engineers are trained to design the 'bones and muscles' that create the form and shape of man made structures. Structural engineers need to understand and calculate the stability, strength and rigidity of built structures for buildings  and nonbuilding structures. The structural designs are integrated with those of other designers such as architects and building services engineer and often supervise the construction of projects by contractors on site. See glossary of structural engineering. Structural engineering theory is based upon applied physical laws and empirical knowledge of the structural performance of different materials and geometries.
Department of Aerospace Engineering
Buildings, like all economic products, command a range of unit prices based on their cost of production and their value to the consumer. In aggregate , the total annual value of building construction in the various national economies is substantial. In in the United States , for example, it was about 10 percent of the gross domestic product , a proportion that is roughly applicable for the world economy as a whole. In spite of these large aggregate values, the unit cost of buildings is quite low when compared to other products. The lowest costs are for simple pre-engineered metal buildings, and the highest represent functionally complex buildings with many mechanical and electrical services, such as hospitals and laboratories. These unit costs are at the low end of the scale of manufactures, ranking with inexpensive foodstuffs, and are lower than those of most other familiar consumer products.
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