Fabrication building oil and fat products and fat-based detergents. Pasta
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Overall Economic Policy Industrial Development Policy Investment Incentives The Administration Commitment Annex 1. Soap Making Equipment Annex 2. Detergent Production Equipment Annex 3. Utility Equipment As studies indicates almost a bulk of soap and detergent which consumed locally are imported products which means there is huge supply and demand gap in the country.
Because of this fact, promoting such project is a prime agenda in GTP. Consequently, this project is basically designed to substitute imported products of soap and detergent; besides this all raw materials required producing these products are available in sufficient amount in the country.
All these facts realize that investing such project in Dire Dawa Administration should not be an option but an opportunity. Today soap and detergent are an integral part to our society; they function as cleaning products by safely and effectively removing dirty, germs and other contaminants, and thus promote a hygienic lifestyle and thus we find it hard to imagine a time when people were kept sweet- smelling by the action of perfume rather than soap.
These are very modest rates considering that the lifestyles not only of urbanites, but even of well-off rural folks are changing at a very high pace. With regard to raw material, almost all raw materials are available in sufficient amount locally; however, they lack proper management starting from where they generate, transport and store until they used for consumption. This project is a very feasible project in terms of all dimension issues- market, production simplicity, low investment cost, raw material availability and location.
Besides these, the Administration prepared an industrial zone to provide land for committed the-would be investors and also there exists sufficient industrial related services for incoming and outgoing materials. Thus the Administration would advise those investors to invest in seeing the comparative and competitive advantage of the Administration. In the Administration there is only one factory which produces these products and started its operation recently.
This factory produces its product only for local consumption and covers a small portion of the market demand. The whole area background of the project is stated hereof. Dire Dawa Administration is accessible by airplane, train, and vehicles, and is about kms road distance to the east of Addis Ababa and kms to the west of Djibouti port. The population of the Administration is composed of heterogeneous ethnic groups with diversified culture.
More than three-fourth of the administration land is found in the upper or lower part of watershed with topography various from steep escarpments forming the watershed, to gently undulating hills to relatively low lying parts, with the overall altitude region farm , to m above sea level.
Dire Dawa Administration is classified as semi-arid. The seasonal rainfall has a bimodal distribution with peak in April and August. The mean annual rainfall is mm and mean monthly values varies between 5. The mean annual average air temperature is Dire Dawa enjoy a sunny climate with mean annual daily value of bright sunshine equal 8 hours.
Trade and industry are the predominant sectors of Dire Dawa's economy. The city is acknowledged to be a center of trade and industry in East Ethiopia.
The majority of the people directly or indirectly derive its livelihood from trade, industry and related activities whereas the livelihoods of the rural people depend on agriculture.
In the Administration agriculture is diversified between livestock rearing and crop cultivation. The medium highland part of the region where the largest sizes of the rural people have settled in with mixed agriculture has relatively better climate situation.
In the region crop production and livestock rearing are being practiced in an integrated manner. Regarding crop husbandry the staple cereals, dominantly sorghum and maize cultivation have wider coverage of land area.
Vegetables and perennials crop account the smallest proportion. The dominant type of agricultural practiced in the area is traditionally developed subsistence agricultural. The low land part is relatively marginal and ecologically fragile.
This area comprised about one-thirds of the administration rural population with livestock rearing as their primary ecologic activity. The development infrastructures for are the key aspect to support the development of investment in a country. To figure out the Administration infrastructures: there is a railway line which now links it to Djibouti and Addis Ababa, the latter not functional now; fortunately currently new railway network lines in the country have been under construction which was planned to finalize with in the coming five years.
It links the Administration to Djibouti, Addis Ababa and then to Bedele; and again to the south up to Konoso and to the north to Mekele.
Generally, the Administration has relatively good Infrastructural facilities. The long-term objective of the government's economic policy is to bring about a structural transformation of the economy in which the relative weights of agriculture, industry, and services change significantly in favor of the latter two. This will raise appreciably the share of the industrial sector in the economy in terms of both output and employment.
This development strategy envisages an agricultural-led growth process, in which industry will increasingly play a prominent role. In conformity with the country's comparative advantage, manufacturing is expected to rely on labor-intensive technology and utilization of domestically available raw materials. The strategy of Import Substitution Industrialization ISI , followed in the previous decades, is being replaced by a strategy of integration into the world market, supported by a policy stance of tariff reduction.
The aim is to put the manufacturing sector on a competitive basis internationally, so as to enable the country to enhance its export of manufactures and progressively shift the composition of its exports from primary agricultural products to manufactured goods.
The other policy that guides the overall development of the nation is the Nation Climate- Resilient Green Economy CRGE Strategy, which was promulgated to protect the country from the adverse effects of climate change and to build a green economy for sustainable development.
Globally there is an incentives that set at international level for those intervention which brought emission reduction i. Such carbon market is about carbon offset, which contribute to sustainable development of the host country. The Administration and the Federal Government have made commendable efforts, through legislative and procedural reforms, to improve the investment climate of the Administration and thereby attract more investment.
In line with market-oriented economic policy, the investment climate liberalized. Location: Dire Dawa Administration is the ideal location for the envisaged factory as far as proximity to market, raw material, utilities and availability of skilled work force is concerned.
Furthermore, being the outlet and inlet of export and import products of the country via rail , air and vehicles transport to neighboring regions of Djibouti and Somaliland and to the central, west, south and north of domestic market. Physical infrastructures: The Federal government has chosen the Administration one of the best industrial corridors in the country in the eastern wing. By virtue of these, the Administration has got a number of opportunities: Asphalt road, railway network and international airport infrastructures which connect the administration to neighboring regions and to all of the domestic markets; international standard telecommunication infrastructure — fiber optics; dependable electric power supply; transport facilities — freight, air, rail and marine transport services; dry port services; postal and other infrastructures.
In Addition to these, the Administration prepared well developed industrial zone for providing sufficient land for those investors who really committed to invest. The Administration has a large pool of trainable manpower with a strong cultural disposition toward warm hospitality. The number of skilled workers and technicians is increasing steadily as a result of an increase in the number of universities, colleges, and vocational and technical training schools in the country as well as in the Administration; the young age population structure of the Administration, resulted in having abundant and trainable labor force.
In addition to this, 1, ha of raw land were also delineated for similar purpose. Therefore, there is no land problem for those who plan to build industry and thus any investors who request land for industry, the administration will hand over the required land promptly.
The general objectives is to undertake massive investment in the manufacturing sector in bringing structural transformation of the economy and thereby to achieve the vision of the country i. Product Description and Application. Detergents are also known as synthetic detergents. They are different from oil-based soaps though both soaps and detergents are surfactants and used for washing purposes.
Synthetic detergents are gaining importance due to advantage over washing soap. Its demand is always increasing day by day. There are number of varieties of detergents available in the market depending upon different percentage of active ingredients and other components.
As the process of manufacture is very simple and involves simply mixing different ingredients, the product is best suited for its manufacture in small scale. Soaps are compounds formed by the reaction of bases with fats, chemically known as fatty acid esters.
The three most important fatty acid esters: Palmitin, Stearin and Olein. They are found in lard, tallow, olive oil, cottonseed oil, and other animal and vegetable fats or oils. Soap is usually made by the reaction of animal fat or vegetable oil with sodium hydroxide. Vegetable oils, with unsaturated carbon chains, produce soft soaps.
Animal fats yield hard soaps. Coconut oils with shorter carbon chains yield soaps that are more soluble in water. Soaps are salts particularly sodium or potassium of long chain fatty acids. These carboxylic acids are derived from fatty oils. The principal active cleaning agent is sodium carboxylate. The glycerine is extracted from the soap with lye - a brine solution that is added to the soap at the saponification stage. Wet soap is soluble in weak brine, but separates out as the electrolyte concentration increases.
Glycerine, on the other hand, is highly soluble in brine. The soap still contains some salt, which itself functions as an additive, altering the viscosity and colour of the soap.
Once the spent lye has been removed the soap is dried, chipped, mixed with other additives such as perfumes and preservatives and then plodded squeezed together , formed into tablets and packaged for sale. Glycerine is used in the manufacturing of explosive, dynamite glycerine. There is a gap of 94, tons between demand and supply. A variety of detergent powder and soap are available in the domestic market, there has been always a tough competition for marketing them.
However, with the advancement of the life style, the demand for synthetic detergent is rapidly increasing and there exists a very good scope for setting up unit for manufacture of detergent powder and soap. Table -1 shows the supply of the product from domestic production and imports during During the period under reference, total supply averaged at 37, tones, of which 14, tones constituted domestic production and the remaining 23, tones imports.
Assuming supply was driven by demand, the average annual supply of soap and detergent for the period under reference, which constitutes domestic production and imports, is considered as the effective demand for the product for the year Fat and Oil: All animal and vegetable oils and fats intended for soap-making should be as free as possible from unsaponifiable matter, of a good colour and appearance, and in a sweet, fresh condition.
The unsaponifiable matter naturally present as cholesterol, or phytosterol, ranges in the various oils and fats from 0. All oils and fats contain more or less free acidity; but excess of acidity, though it may be due to the decomposition of the glyceride, and does not always denote rancidity, is undesirable in soap-making material.
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Riegel's Handbook of Industrial Chemistry pp Cite as. The mixture of fat and wood ashes that reacted to form soap was carried by rain to the banks of the Tiber River and was found as a clay deposit useful for cleaning clothes. The boiling of fats with ashes was recorded as early as B. Commercial soap-making was a widespread art in the Middle Ages in Europe. The invention of the soda ash process by LeBlanc in , and the discovery by Chevreul in that soap was composed of a mixture of fatty acids paved the way to modern soap-manufacturing processess.
Project Profile on Soap and detergent factory.docx
To browse Academia. Skip to main content. You're using an out-of-date version of Internet Explorer. Log In Sign Up. Hande Savas. SOAP 1. Introduction Soap is one of the oldest known manufactured chemical substances and was first produced over two thousand years ago through the reaction of animal fats with the ashes from plants 1—2. Initially soaps were used primarily for the cleansing of clothing. The earliest documentation of their use as a medicament and for per- sonal hygiene did not appear until the beginning of the second century.
US3917601A - Sulfosuccinate derivatives as detergent builders - Google Patents
Overall Economic Policy Industrial Development Policy Investment Incentives The Administration Commitment
Soap is a combination of animal fat or plant oil and caustic soda. When dissolved in water, it breaks dirt away from surfaces. Through the ages soap has been used to cleanse, to cure skin sores, to dye hair, and as a salve or skin ointment. But today we generally use soap as a cleanser or perfume.
WO2013009605A1 - Metallic soap compositions for various applications - Google Patents
I am pleased to report that the Group performed well in FY despite declining commodity prices and volatility in the soybeans market arising from the US-China trade tensions. The Group recorded a Revenue increased 2.
Palm oil is an edible vegetable oil, high in saturated fats, derived from the fruit of the oil palm tree. The palm fruit yields two distinct oils — palm oil and palm kernel oil. Palm oil is extracted from the pulp of the fruit, is edible and used primarily in food products. Palm kernel oil is extracted from the seed of the fruit and is used mainly in the manufacture of soaps and cosmetics, while palm kernel expeller PKE is used as a feed for livestock and as biofuel for generating electricity. Oil palm is highly productive, capable of yielding more oil from less land than any other vegetable oil, with relatively modest inputs.
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The classification shown in Table However, this classification shall not preclude the designation of more specific requirements in individual cheese standards. Zoom Table
Glossary: Sector Classifications. Companies that rear livestock or poultry with the intention of selling them to producers of meat, dairy and other animal related products. Companies that grow crops and plants for sale to food and other products for example tobacco for sale to cigarette manufacturers.
Application No. Metallic salts of higher molecular weight fatty acids are commercially known as metallic soaps. Metallic soaps are well known and have been widely used in the industries of resins, paints, papers, fibers, greases, etc. In addition to such uses, metallic soaps are used as catalysts in chemical reactions, and also as additives for rubber to improve adhesive properties or bonding of the rubber with steel cords.
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За конторкой сидела только одна секретарша, норовившая избавиться от назойливых пациентов. Беккер застыл в дверях, не зная, как поступить.
Необходимо было срочно что-то придумать.
- Ты тратишь на это субботу, вместо того чтобы развлекаться с профессором. - Его зовут Дэвид. - Какая разница?. - Тебе больше нечем заняться? - Сьюзан метнула на него недовольный взгляд.