Industry industrial civil aircraft, helicopters, gliders and aeronautics
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Aerospace products, manufacturers, and markets
The term aerospace is derived from the words aeronautics and spaceflight. The aerospace industry is engaged in the research, development, and manufacture of flight vehicles, including unpowered gliders and sailplanes see gliding , lighter-than-air craft see balloon ; airship , heavier-than-air craft both fixed-wing and rotary-wing; see airplane ; military aircraft , missiles see rocket and missile system , space launch vehicles , and spacecraft manned and unmanned.
Also included among its concerns are major flight-vehicle subsystems such as propulsion and avionics aviation electronics and key support systems necessary for the testing, operation, and maintenance of flight vehicles. In addition, the industry is engaged in the fabrication of nonaerospace products and systems that make use of aerospace technology. Technological progress is the basis for competitiveness and advancement in the aerospace industry. The industry is, as a result, a world leader in advancing science and technology.
Aerospace systems have a very high value per unit weight and are among the most complex, as measured by the number of components in finished products. Consequently, it is economically and politically prestigious for a country to possess an aerospace industry. For the major aerospace countries, their own military establishments and, in some cases, foreign militaries constitute the largest customers.
Most general aviation primarily private, business, and nonairline commercial aircraft are sold in the United States , with Europe becoming a growing marketplace and special-use markets developing in the Middle East and Latin America. While some companies are dedicated solely to aerospace, others are more diversified.
Although their own government is the major procurer of military systems, American firms are also the dominant supplier of both military and civil aerospace hardware to the rest of the world. Today, non-American companies seek a larger portion of the global market and challenge American dominance.
Russia retains the second largest aerospace industry in the world. After the breakup of the Soviet Union in , Russia acquired most of the highly competent Soviet design bureaus. Partnerships with American and European firms were initiated, and Russia entered Western markets for the first time. Through the success of cooperative programs such as the Airbus line of commercial transports and the Ariane family of space launch vehicles, the European industry has gained considerable experience in the development and manufacture of almost the entire range of aerospace systems.
In the Asia—Pacific Rim region, Japan has the leading aerospace industry, but—compared with the United States, western Europe , and Russia—its capabilities are still limited. Japanese companies also perform as key subcontractors to firms in the United States and Europe.
China has built aircraft of Soviet design since the early s, with indigenous design efforts generally confined to adapting Soviet technology.
It is in the process of forging partnerships with a number of foreign ventures in both aircraft and spacecraft systems. The country also has developed space launchers, small satellites, and craft intended for manned spaceflight. The interests of the U. The AIA provides a forum for technical and policy issues concerning the industry and serves as a lobbying agent for the common interests of its members. In addition, Europe has several organizations at the national level.
The worldwide reduction in acquisitions of aerospace defense systems after the end of the Cold War in the early s has prompted many manufacturers in the United States, Europe, and Russia to shift toward a more balanced mix of military and civil products.
Some firms have adapted military aerospace hardware for civilian use or have sought nonaerospace markets for their expertise. To remain profitable, many companies have engaged in an almost continuous process of consolidations, mergers, divestitures, and international joint ventures and partnerships. Nevertheless, they all have been affected to some degree by the following developments: the ever-increasing costs of producing complex new aircraft and spacecraft, the globalization of the economy, the volatile level of government spending on defense-related projects, the state of commercial air travel and its needs, and the commercialization of space and the prospect of its low-cost access.
These are the factors determining the size and scope of the aerospace industry today. Aerospace industry. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Aerospace industry Written By: Amir R. Amir Stanley I. See Article History. Character of the industry Technological progress is the basis for competitiveness and advancement in the aerospace industry. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today.
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Aircraft Parts Wanted
The term aerospace is derived from the words aeronautics and spaceflight. The aerospace industry is engaged in the research, development, and manufacture of flight vehicles, including unpowered gliders and sailplanes see gliding , lighter-than-air craft see balloon ; airship , heavier-than-air craft both fixed-wing and rotary-wing; see airplane ; military aircraft , missiles see rocket and missile system , space launch vehicles , and spacecraft manned and unmanned. Also included among its concerns are major flight-vehicle subsystems such as propulsion and avionics aviation electronics and key support systems necessary for the testing, operation, and maintenance of flight vehicles. In addition, the industry is engaged in the fabrication of nonaerospace products and systems that make use of aerospace technology.
Blanik L 23 Price
The product line of the aerospace industry is, by necessity, broad because its primary products— flight vehicles —require up to millions of individual parts. In addition, many support systems are needed to operate and maintain the vehicles. In terms of sales, military aircraft have the largest market share, followed by space systems and civil aircraft, with missiles still a modest grouping. Because of enormous financial and technological demands, the number of manufacturers in the industry has become increasingly limited, while the average size of aerospace firms has grown through acquisition or merger. Builders of civil aircraft comprise two categories: producers of general aviation aircraft and producers of heavy aircraft. General aviation is defined as all aircraft activities not related to military, major airline, or air-cargo flying. It includes light planes and helicopters used for private pleasure flying, personal transportation, corporate travel, and short-haul commercial transportation, such as air taxis and commuter airliners, with low takeoff weights. Also encompassed are specialized aircraft such as agricultural sprayers, acrobatic craft, sailplanes, motor gliders, air ambulances, fire-control aircraft, pipeline-patrol aircraft, and others with a broad variety of civil applications. The category of heavy aircraft comprises commercial transports and cargo planes.
Aircraft register search
A irbus is an international reference in the aerospace sector. We design, manufacture and deliver industry-leading commercial aircraft, helicopters, military transports, satellites and launch vehicles, as well as providing data services, navigation, secure communications, urban mobility and other solutions for customers on a global scale. With a forward-looking strategy based on cutting-edge technologies, digital and scientific excellence, we aim for a better-connected, safer and more prosperous world. Zero-emission flight is taking a giant leap forward.
Aviation English Pdf. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Chinese traditional Dictionary. Aviation course is related to the field of Aviation Science.
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General Aircraft Limited was a British aircraft manufacturer from its formation in to amalgamation with Blackburn Aircraft in to become Blackburn and General. Its main products were military gliders and light transport aircraft. Both firms were headed by Helmut J. Stieger, the Swiss inventor of the technique. GAL produced about 28 examples of the Monospar series of twin-engined light transport aircraft at Croydon Aerodrome between pand In October , both companies were re-capitalised by investment group British Pacific Trust, and were re-formed in a new company also named General Aircraft Limited.
Wichita Aviation Industry
An aircraft is a vehicle that is able to fly by gaining support from the air. It counters the force of gravity by using either static lift or by using the dynamic lift of an airfoil ,  or in a few cases the downward thrust from jet engines. Common examples of aircraft include airplanes , helicopters , airships including blimps , gliders , paramotors and hot air balloons. The human activity that surrounds aircraft is called aviation. The science of aviation, including designing and building aircraft, is called aeronautics.
The Wichita Aviation Industry is a finalist for the 8 Wonders of Kansas Commerce because the "Air Capital of the World" represents the manufacture of more than half of the world's general aviation light aircraft and business jets, in addition to being a major supplier to the builders of commercial airliners. Laird, J. Mollendick and George Weaver were responsible for starting the aircraft industry in the area. With Mollendick as the financial backer, Laird started the Swallow Airplane Company to build the Swallow that had been designed in Chicago.
General Aircraft Limited
Home Research Industries. The airlines industry provides air transportation for passengers and cargo by using aircraft such as airplanes and helicopters. The origins of flight date back to B.
The civil airplanes market consists of sales of airplanes for civilian purposes by companies that manufacture aircrafts for civilian purposes. This industry consists of companies involved in the development and manufacturing of aircraft for commercial passenger and cargo transportation, governments, surveillance and observation, and aerial refueling purposes. This segment also includes private companies' sales of equipment for space missions. This industry also includes companies that provide modifications or conversions, repair, parts replacing, and complete overhauling and rebuilding of aircraft.
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Она знала, что, если они не будут терять времени, им удастся спасти эту великую дешифровальную машину параллельной обработки. Каждый компьютер в мире, от обычных ПК, продающихся в магазинах торговой сети Радиошэк, и до систем спутникового управления и контроля НАСА, имеет встроенное страховочное приспособление как раз на случай таких ситуаций, называемое отключение из розетки. Полностью отключив электроснабжение, они могли бы остановить работу ТРАНСТЕКСТА, а вирус удалить позже, просто заново отформатировав жесткие диски компьютера.
В процессе форматирования стирается память машины - информация, программное обеспечение, вирусы, одним словом - все, и в большинстве случаев переформатирование означает потерю тысяч файлов, многих лет труда. Но ТРАНСТЕКСТ не был обычным компьютером - его можно было отформатировать практически без потерь. Машины параллельной обработки сконструированы для того, чтобы думать, а не запоминать. В ТРАНСТЕКСТЕ практически ничего не складировалось, взломанные шифры немедленно отсылались в главный банк данных АНБ, чтобы… Сьюзан стало плохо.
Танкадо задыхался, явно стараясь что-то сказать добрым людям, склонившимся над. Затем, в отчаянии, он поднял над собой левую руку, чуть не задев по лицу пожилого человека. Камера выхватила исковерканные пальцы Танкадо, на одном из которых, освещенное ярким испанским солнцем, блеснуло золотое кольцо.