Plant industrial textile and knitwear waste
Mechanical processing using enzymes, which are eco-friendly in nature, would be an alternative to the chemical processing of regenerated bamboo fiber production. For information on health risks see The use of chemicals in processing, such as in the Lyocell process, are factors which can lead to side reactions and the introduction of hazardous chemicals into the environment. Processing is time consuming. This review discusses cotton textile processing and methods of treating effluent in the textile industry.
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Textile Engineering & Fashion Technology
Reviewed: June 11th Published: August 28th Textile Manufacturing Processes. Textile fibers provided an integral component in modern society and physical structure known for human comfort and sustainability. Man is a friend of fashion in nature.
The desire for better garment and apparel resulted in the development of textile fiber production and textile manufacturing process. Primarily the natural textile fibers meet the requirements for human consumption in terms of the comfort and aesthetic trends.
Cotton, wool, and silk were the important natural fibers for human clothing articles, where cotton for its outstanding properties and versatile utilization was known as the King Cotton. The advancement of fiber manufacturing introduced several man-made fibers for conventional textile products; however, cotton is to date a leading textile fiber in home textiles and clothing articles. The chemistry of cotton fiber is the principal source of interesting and useful properties required in finished textile products [ 2 ].
Strength, softness, absorbency, dyeing and printing properties, comfort, air permeability, etc. By cotton fiber was significant with a market share of Cotton fiber grown with increased environment-friendly properties is called organic cotton.
It is grown without using any synthetic chemicals or pesticides, fertilizers, etc. Organic cotton is produced through crop with the processing stages in an ecological environment. Turkey, the USA, and India are the main countries producing organic cotton. The other important natural fibers used in conventional textile products are wool and silk. Wool fiber is known for its warmer properties and used mainly in winter wear mainly. Wool-based textile items are projected to witness a CAGR of 3.
Importantly, wool fiber is renewable and recyclable, which supports its demand in this industry [ 3 ]. Silk fiber is known for its unmatchable softness and low linear density. Relative to cotton and wool, natural silk is not produced in significant quantity.
It is indicated to have the highest revenue growth rate of 4. A recent study of textile fiber market share by the IHS Markit has shown the synthetic fibers consumed highest mainly represented by polyester and nylon fibers followed by cotton, cellulosics, and wool fibers Figure 1 [ 4 ]. China is the major manufacturer of synthetic fibers. The textile manufacturing processes are largely required by the fashion segment in the global textile market. Fashion market is followed by technical textiles and household products.
Grand View Research indicated fashion, technical textiles, and household as the top three sectors by application for the global textile market Figure 2 [ 3 ]. Important textile fiber product types in the market in terms of application Grand View Research . Compound annual growth rate of 4.
This market was estimated at USD The growth is significantly expected in the apparel sector. China and India will remain the leading countries to experience this growth.
Increasing urban population with rising disposable income is the main source of higher growth in apparel consumption. The textile manufacturing processes in the global textile industry are producing the textile yarn, fiber, fabric, and finished products including apparels. China is indicated as the country with leading textile manufacturing facility representing around one-fourth of the global textile industry. An important aspect that has received increasing concern in textiles is the release of environmental hazard from fiber and fabric process industries.
Most of the processes performed in textile manufacturing release significant toxic and hazard waste to river water, soil and air. Particularly fiber and yarn manufacturing, chemical finishing, pre-treatment processes, dyeing, printing, coating, and drying operations are releasing toxic gases, carcinogenic materials, harmful vapor and lint, and effluent discharge.
Consequently, standards and regulations are evolved to limit or eliminate the environmental depreciation. Today the textile industry encompasses a significant number and variety of processes that are adding value in fiber. These processes may range over the yarn making through the garment stitching, fabric embossing, and composite production. However, considering the textile fiber as the basic building unit of any textile product, the textile manufacturing may clearly be identified as the conventional and technical textiles.
The conventional textile manufacturing process has a long history of converting the natural fiber into useful products including fabric, home textiles, and apparel and more recently into a technical textile through the utilization of special finishing effects Figure 3. The synthetic and semisynthetic fiber manufacturing is diversified with the utilization of monomer, chemical agent, precursor, catalyst, and a variety of auxiliary chemicals resulting in the formation of fiber or yarn.
However, such man-made fibers are perceived as a separate specialized subject and beyond the scope of this book. Therefore, the man-made fiber manufacturing is not discussed. The innovation in textile manufacturing introduced variety in raw materials and manufacturing processes. Therefore, process control to ensure product quality is desired. Monitoring and controlling of process parameters may introduce reduction in waste, costs, and environmental impact [ 6 ]. All the processing stages in textile manufacturing from fiber production to finished fabric are experiencing enhancement in process control and evaluation.
It includes textile fiber production and processing through blow room, carding, drawing, and combing; and fabric production including knitted, woven, nonwoven, and subsequent coloration and finishing and apparel manufacturing. The global textile industry, in yarn and fabric production, has strong presence and experiencing growth. In , the yarn and fabric market was valued at USD The market consumption is forecasted for growth at CAGR of 5.
Apparel production is another important area in textile manufacturing around the textile industry chain. Probably the apparel is what an individual wear for the purpose of body coverage, beautification, or comfort.
Apparel and garment terms are used interchangeably. However, the two terms may be differentiated as apparel is an outerwear clothing and garment is any piece of clothing.
The study of apparel manufacturing market includes all the clothing articles except leather, footwear, knitted product, and technical, household, and made-up items. The worldwide apparel manufacturing market was valued at USD The market enhancement is forecasted to move from to at CAGR of 4. Traditionally, yarn manufacturing comprises a series of processes involved in converting the fiber into yarn. It was rooted in natural fibers obtained from natural plant or animal sources. Natural fibers are produced with natural impurities that were removed from the yarn in subsequent pretreatment processes.
Possibly, cotton is the fiber that has rooted the yarn manufacturing from fiber bale opening, followed by the series of continuous operations of blending, mixing, cleaning, carding, drawing, roving, and spinning. Yarn manufacturing using cotton fibers through a sequence of processing stages may be shown by process flow diagram Figure 4 [ 8 ]. All these operations are mechanical and do not require chemical application. Each processing stage in yarn manufacturing utilized the machine of specialized nature and provided quality effects in yarn production.
The advancement in fiber processing and machine technology for yarn manufacturing is continuous. The manual picking of cotton fiber is now replaced with machine picking. However, conventional systems of blending, carding, drawing, roving, and spinning are indicated important in the future [ 9 ]. Yarn diameter, hairiness, linear density, permeability, strength properties, etc. Several interesting works on the production of yarn are available that provide details of the material processing and technological control.
Introductory spinning technology is described by Lawrence [ 10 ]. It covers the rudiments of staple-yarn technology, the manufacturing process, the raw materials, and the production processes for short-staple, worsted, semi-worsted, woolen spinning, doubling, and specialty yarn. Some of the useful advanced topics discussed are staple-yarn technology, including new development in fiber preparation technology, carding technology, roller drafting, ring spinning, open-end rotor spinning, and air-jet spinning.
Peter described the yarn production technology in combination with the economics [ 11 ]. The study is useful for yarn manufacturing and its development in the textile industry. Important topics covered include review of yarn production, filament yarn production, carding and prior processes for short-staple fibers, sliver preparation, short-staple spinning, long-staple spinning, post-spinning processes, quality control, and economics of staple-yarn production.
The interlaced fibrous structure mainly used is woven, nonwoven, and knitted. Traditionally, the weaving technology was the principal source for fabric production. The important types of woven fabric produced are the basic weaves, such as plain or tabby, twill, and satin, and the fancy weaves, including pile, jacquard, dobby, and gauze.
Knitted fabric is the second major type of fabric used following the woven. It has a characteristic of accommodating the body contour and provided the ease of movement. It is particularly a comfortable form of fabric structure for sports, casual wear, and undergarment. Knitted fabrics include weft types and the warp types, raschel, and tricot. Net, lace, and braid are other useful interlaced fabric structures. Nonwoven fabrics are rapidly increasing in market consumption.
These fabrics are finding interesting uses in industrial and home applications. Nonwoven fabrics include materials produced by felting and bonding.
Laminating processes are also increasing in importance, and fairly recent developments include needle weaving and the sewing-knitting process. Garment is known as a piece of clothing.
Garment design and manufacturing is the combination of art and technology. Garment manufacturing has seen several advancements in design development, computer-aided manufacturing CAD , and automation. However, the older version of garment manufacturing process is still the main theme today—that is, the cutting and joining of at least two pieces of fabric. The sewing machine has the function of joining woven or cut-knitted fabrics. Garments are mostly produced by sewing the pieces of fabric using a sewing machine.
These machines are still based on the primary format used. Today the important topics in the current garment manufacturing industry range over product development, production planning, and material selection.
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Superior quality knitted and woven fabric. Read More. A range of textiles for homes including lining bed linen. Premium quality yarns in different counts.
Reviewed: June 11th Published: August 28th Textile Manufacturing Processes. Textile fibers provided an integral component in modern society and physical structure known for human comfort and sustainability. Man is a friend of fashion in nature. The desire for better garment and apparel resulted in the development of textile fiber production and textile manufacturing process.
Introductory Chapter: Textile Manufacturing Processes
Account Options Logga in. Epoxy is a term used to denote both the basic components and the cured end products of epoxy resins, as well as a colloquial name for the epoxide functional group. Epoxy resin are a class of thermoset materials used extensively in structural and specialty composite applications because they offer a unique combination of properties that are unattainable with other thermoset resins. Epoxies are monomers or prepolymers that further reacts with curing agents to yield high performance thermosetting plastics. They have gained wide acceptance in protecting coatings, electrical and structural applications because of their exceptional combination of properties such as toughness, adhesion, chemical resistance and superior electrical properties. Epoxy resins are characterized by the presence of a three membered cycle ether group commonly referred to as an epoxy group 1,2-epoxide, or oxirane. The most widely used epoxy resins are diglycidyl ethers of bisphenol-A derived from bisphenol-A and epichlorohydrin.
Mucella Guner and Onder Yucel. Abstract The fact that humans, who are responsible for the misuse and destruction of natural resources, are the party suffering the greatest harm within the ecosystem has increased the importance of environmental responsibility even more. In environment-based production strategies, environmental protection has become an economic activity that needs to be taken into consideration through all processes from designing to packaging. In this study, where eco-textiles were dealt with in a comprehensive manner, it was emphasized that aiming at manufacturing a healthy final product would not be sufficient and that environmentally friendly practices would have to be used in the production process as well. In modern times, environmental protection is being implemented not because it is enforced law, but as an administrative philosophy.
The textile industry is part of the industries that continuously harm the environment because of the high water consumption and the presence of various pollutants in the wastewater. Wastewater treatment is lacking or includes only physical treatment in underdeveloped and developing countries due to installation and operating costs of a treatment plant. As a result, a broad spectrum of hazardous and toxic substances, such as azo dyes, heavy metals, acids, soda, and aromatic hydrocarbons, pollute precious sources of clean water, in which untreated water is discharged.
Sustainable Production Methods in Textile Industry
Account Options Logga in. Niir Project Consultancy Services Amazon. Niir Project Consultancy Services , 4 juli - sidor. Polishes typically contain a lot of abrasives, rinsing agents and organic solvents.
We can always guarantee the ecological sustainability of our garments, because we have developed our own global textile and manufacturing supply chain. By monitoring our source materials and the recycling process in detail, we can ensure that the quality of our products meets the standards of our clients and their customers. With the help of the best experts and suppliers in the industry, we have reached a level of textile quality that is the same, and in many cases better, than that of traditional fabrics. Instead, we concentrate on basic garments. We believe everyone should have the possibility to make a better choice with Pure Waste.
Designer’s choice: Bio-based textile innovation
The economic development of any country primarily depends upon the establishment of industries. MSME sector comprises 95 per cent of the total industrial units in the country. Many abandon their dream to build, create, and innovate in the face of this difficult struggle without realising that a good business idea will eventually pool in the bounty-full once it has secured a place in the market. Your idea will bring you your company, your company will bring you the people, and the people will bring you the market. A good idea has no monetary value, just a whole lot of bursting potential. Today, the World's most successful entrepreneurs like Dhiru Bhai Ambani and Karsanbhai Patel — Man behind NIRMA may hold the possibility of building pyramids out of notes, but none of them started at the top of the ladder. Facebook was created out of a Harvard dorm room at minimal cost and Microsoft was formed two years after Gates decided to drop out of college. For an entrepreneur starting out, it makes good business sense to avoid ideas that require high capital investment in equipment, land, etc.
Regret for the inconvenience: we are taking measures to prevent fraudulent form submissions by extractors and page crawlers. Received: July 06, Published: August 10, Citation: Toprak T, Anis P.
Prospects for the textile and clothing industry in China, Lenzing launches reforestation project in Albania. Lycra to showcase latest innovations at ISPO.
HOW MUCH DOES GARMENT INDUSTRY ACTUALLY WASTE?
The paper deals with the problem of processing garment and knitwear production by recycling garment and knitwear. In this research was made a comparative assessment of the methods for producing knitted fabric from recycled yarn using various technological auxiliary equipment for recycling. The author gives a qualitative and environmental-economic assessment of the developed technology for obtaining a cloth of recycled yarn. Sarichev V.
Bolero Ozon. Can the youth in the states have the opportunities in the form of start-ups, with innovations, whether it be manufacturing, service sector or agriculture? Prime Minister announced that the initiative envisages loans to at least two aspiring entrepreneurs from the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Women categories. It was also announced that the loan shall be in the ten lakh to one crore rupee range.
JR Fibres Ltd is dedicated to diverting as much textile waste as possible away from landfill by offering an environmentally and economically friendly alternative James Robinson Fibres Ltd are one of the largest collectors, sorters and graders of textile hosiery waste in the United Kingdom. Our textile recycling department diverts significant volumes of textile waste from landfill by converting the waste into re-usable textile raw material. We offer a national collection service and are receivers of most post industrial Textile wastes. The list below represents the wide range of materials that we receive and recycle or supply onwards for recycling. Post consumer 'rags' not cleaned or deemed suitable for re-use as clothing, but suitable for exporting for recycling.
The petroleum waxes are semi refined or fully refined products obtained during the processing of crude oil. According to their structure they are divided into macrocrystalline waxes paraffin waxes and microcrystalline waxes ceresine, petrolatum, others. Grease, thick, oily lubricant consisting of inedible lard, the rendered fat of waste animal parts, or a petroleum-derived or synthetic oil containing a thickening agent. Greases of mineral or synthetic origin consist of a thickening agent dispersed in a liquid lubricant such as petroleum oil or a synthetic fluid.