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Produce finished silk fabrics

Produce finished silk fabrics

Silk has set the standard in luxury fabrics for several millennia. Silk is highly valued because it possesses many excellent properties. Not only does it look lustrous and feel luxurious, but it is also lightweight, resilient, and extremely strong— the strongest natural fiber known to man, one filament of silk is stronger then a comparable filament of steel! Although fabric manufacturers have created less costly alternatives to silk, such as nylon and polyester, silk is still in a class by itself.


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Introductory Chapter: Textile Manufacturing Processes

Textile , any filament, fibre , or yarn that can be made into fabric or cloth, and the resulting material itself. It has, however, come to include fabrics produced by other methods. Thus, threads, cords, ropes, braids, lace , embroidery , nets, and fabrics made by weaving, knitting , bonding, felting , or tufting are textiles.

Some definitions of the term textile would also include those products obtained by the papermaking principle that have many of the properties associated with conventional fabrics.

This article surveys the development of textiles and the history and development of the textile industry. It treats in some detail the processes involved in the conversion of fibres to yarn, fabric construction , finishing operations applied to textiles, uses of textile materials, and the relationship between the producer and the consumer.

Information about specific natural and synthetic textile fibres such as wool , mohair , nylon , and polyester are treated in separate articles. Textile structures derive from two sources, ancient handicrafts and modern scientific invention.

The earliest were nets , produced from one thread and employing a single repeated movement to form loops, and basketry , the interlacing of flexible reeds, cane, or other suitable materials. The production of net , also called limited thread work, has been practiced by many peoples, particularly in Africa and Peru. Examples of prehistoric textiles are extremely rare because of the perishability of fabrics. The earliest evidence of weaving , closely related to basketry, dates from Neolithic cultures of about bce.

Weaving apparently preceded spinning of yarn; woven fabrics probably originated from basket weaving. Cotton, silk , wool, and flax fibres were used as textile materials in ancient Egypt; cotton was used in India by bce ; and silk production is mentioned in Chinese chronicles dating to about the same period. The history of spinning technology will be touched on below in the section Production of yarn: Spinning and that of weaving technology in the section Production of fabric.

Many fabrics produced by the simple early weaving procedures are of striking beauty and sophistication. Design and art forms are of great interest, and the range of patterns and colours is wide, with patterns produced in different parts of the world showing distinctive local features. Yarns and cloth were dyed and printed from very early times.

Specimens of dyed fabrics have been found in Roman ruins of the 2nd century bce ; tie-and-dye effects decorated the silks of China in the Tang dynasty — ce ; and there is evidence of production of printed textiles in India during the 4th century bce. Textiles found in Egypt also indicate a highly developed weaving craft by the 4th century ce , with many tapestries made from linen and wool.

Persian textiles of very ancient origin include materials ranging from simple fabrics to luxurious carpets and tapestries. By the early Middle Ages certain Turkish tribes were skilled in the manufacture of carpets, felted cloths, towels, and rugs. In Mughal India 16th—18th century , and perhaps earlier, the fine muslins produced at Dhaka in Bengal were sometimes printed or painted. Despite the Muslim prohibition against representation of living things, richly patterned fabrics were made in Islamic lands.

In Sicily after the Arab conquest in ce , beautiful fabrics were produced in the palace workshops at Palermo.

About , skilled weavers who came to Palermo from Greece and Turkey produced elaborate fabrics of silk interlaced with gold. Following the conquest of Sicily in by the French, the weavers fled to Italy; many settled in Lucca , which soon became well known for silk fabrics with patterns employing imaginative floral forms.

In the Florentines captured Lucca, taking the Sicilian weavers to Florence, a centre for fine woven woollens from about and also believed to be producing velvet at this time. A high degree of artistic and technical skill was developed, with 16, workers employed in the silk industry and 30, in the wool industry at the close of the 15th century. By the middle of the 16th century a prosperous industry in velvets and brocades was also established in Genoa and Venice.

Others were brought to weave silk in Lyon , eventually the centre of European silk manufacture. Flemish weavers were brought to France to produce tapestries in workshops set up by Jean Gobelin in the 16th century. By the time of Louis XIII —43 , French patterned fabrics showed a distinctive style based on symmetrical ornamental forms, lacelike in effect, perhaps derived from the highly regarded early Italian laces.

Rouen also became known for its textiles, with designs influenced by the work of Rouen potters. French textiles continued to advance in style and technique, and under Louis XVI —93 design was refined, with Classical elements intermingled with the earlier floral patterns.

The outbreak of the French Revolution in the s interrupted the work of the weavers of Lyon, but the industry soon recovered. Flanders and its neighbour Artois were early centres of production for luxurious textiles: Arras for silks and velvets; Ghent, Ypres, and Courtrai for linen damasks ; and Arras and Brussels for tapestries. The damasks, characterized by heraldic motifs, were especially well known, and linen damasks of very high quality were produced in the 18th century.

In Germany, Cologne was an important medieval cloth centre, renowned for orphrey webs narrow cloths of gold bearing richly embroidered woven inscriptions and figures of saints. English textiles of the 13th and 14th centuries were mainly of linen and wool, and the trade was influenced by Flemish fullers finishers and dyers. Silk was being woven in London and Norwich in , and in Queen Elizabeth I granted a charter to Dutch and Flemish settlers in Norwich for production of damasks and flowered silks.

The revocation of the Edict of Nantes in , renewing persecution of French Protestants, caused many weavers to move to England, settling in Norwich, Braintree, and London.

The most important group of refugees, some 3,, lived in Spitalfields , a London settlement that became the chief centre for fine silk damasks and brocades. These weavers produced silk fabrics of high quality and were known for their subtle use of fancy weaves and textures. Norwich was also famous for figured shawls of silk or wool. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.

Textile Written By: Charles S. Whewell Edward Noah Abrahart. See Article History. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription.

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silk fabrics - production - Import export

Silk dates back thousands of years, and still to this day is highly regarded as one of the most valuable, luxurious fabric. Even after all of those years, little has changed in the way silk is produced. Despite advances in production method technologies, silk production still very much remains a labour intensive process, and a lot of hard work is involved.

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Refine your search. We sell worldwide, selling a wide range of fabrics , including many fantasy fabrics and fabrics with printed motifs. You will also find printed fabrics , Find out about this company.

Finishing (textiles)

Based on its recently developed and patented manufacturing technology platform for short polymer fibers a perfect treatment for the fashion industry was created. Silk is one of the most exclusive and expensive fibers available due to the complex production of this natural raw material. The significant cost of silk has created the sense of exclusivity around silk fabrics and garments, and conveys an image of luxury. Silk is also sought after for its classic timeless appeal, comfort and beautiful luster — making this natural material in high demand by the fashion segment worldwide. Silk is a truly unique material — soft, temperature-regulating, highly absorbent and fast-drying, highly tear-resistant and virtually wrinkle-free. Traditionally, silk use has been limited to yarns, subsequently also limiting design flexibility and engendering high costs. By applying silk to the surface, the tactile properties of silk are reproduced in a cost effective manner. New cost-sensitive market segments can be tapped — wrapping people in Real Silk and bringing a touch of luxury to everyone. Bekaert Deslee aims at creating a comfortable, luxurious and indulgent sleeping environment.

Raw Silk Broadcloth

Textile , any filament, fibre , or yarn that can be made into fabric or cloth, and the resulting material itself. It has, however, come to include fabrics produced by other methods. Thus, threads, cords, ropes, braids, lace , embroidery , nets, and fabrics made by weaving, knitting , bonding, felting , or tufting are textiles. Some definitions of the term textile would also include those products obtained by the papermaking principle that have many of the properties associated with conventional fabrics. This article surveys the development of textiles and the history and development of the textile industry.

Silk-sensual, versatile, refined-is magical. Made by worms, it can absorb up to 30 times its weight in water and is warmer than wool.

Crepe is a weaving or fabric treatment method that results in a unique rippling, three-dimensional texture. Garments and other textiles made with crepe fabric are generally delicate and used for ceremonial occasions. Traditionally, crepe fabric was worn by women at times of mourning in many Western cultures, but this practice has largely gone out of fashion.


It has extremely high tensile strength - higher than any other fiber. A strand of silk is stronger than a wire of iron in the same diameter. It's naturally hypoallergenic the most hypoallergenic of all fabrics , and is completely non-toxic.

Register Now. Silk is a natural protein fiber. It is similar to wool in that it is composed of amino acids arranged in a polypeptide chain. Silk is produced by the larvae of a moth, while wool is produced by animals. All protein fibres have some general characteristics in common. Natural Silk is an animal protein fiber produced by certain insects to build their cocoons and webs.

What is Crepe Fabric: Properties, How its Made and Where

We can always guarantee the ecological sustainability of our garments, because we have developed our own global textile and manufacturing supply chain. By monitoring our source materials and the recycling process in detail, we can ensure that the quality of our products meets the standards of our clients and their customers. With the help of the best experts and suppliers in the industry, we have reached a level of textile quality that is the same, and in many cases better, than that of traditional fabrics. Instead, we concentrate on basic garments. We believe everyone should have the possibility to make a better choice with Pure Waste. We then sort it by quality and color. The color of the waste, defines the color of the final product. No dyeing is needed.

Aug 28, - Relative to cotton and wool, natural silk is not produced in significant stages in textile manufacturing from fiber production to finished fabric.

Silk has set the standard in luxury fabrics for several millennia. The origins of silk date back to Ancient China. Legend has it that a Chinese princess was sipping tea in her garden when a cocoon fell into her cup, and the hot tea loosened the long strand of silk. Ancient literature, however, attributes the popularization of silk to the Chinese Empress Si-Ling, to around B.

How Is Silk Made? From Silkworm to Silk Fabric: The Secrets of Silk Production

T he history of silk-making dates back thousands of years. The art of silk production was first discovered in ancient China, home of the silkworm. Today, the silk production process remains mostly the same as it was millennia ago.

How is silk made? A step by step guide

Silk is a natural protein fiber , some forms of which can be woven into textiles. The protein fiber of silk is composed mainly of fibroin and is produced by certain insect larvae to form cocoons. The shimmering appearance of silk is due to the triangular prism -like structure of the silk fibre, which allows silk cloth to refract incoming light at different angles , thus producing different colors.

Reviewed: June 11th Published: August 28th

The Silk Bureau Ltd will always endeavour to produce printed fabrics of the highest quality, but cannot be held responsible for any weave quality issues that originate with our suppliers. Because of this we will always ask our customers to complete and sign a Scarf Disclaimer prior to printing. This is particularly important if you have included white borders. Afterall you want to get the credit just like any artist does, especially as many cut labels out of their scarves.

silk fabrics - production - Import export

In textile manufacturing , finishing refers to the processes that convert the woven or knitted cloth into a usable material and more specifically to any process performed after dyeing the yarn or fabric to improve the look, performance, or "hand" feel of the finish textile or clothing. Some finishing techniques such as bleaching and dyeing are applied to yarn before it is woven while others are applied to the grey cloth directly after it is woven or knitted. In order to impart the required functional properties to the fiber or fabric, it is customary to subject the material to different types of physical and chemical treatments. For example, wash and wear finish for a cotton fabric is necessary to make it crease -free or wrinkle -free. In a similar way, mercerising , singeing , flame retardant , water repellent, waterproof , anti-static and peach finishing achieve various fabric properties desired by consumers. The use of open weave has enabled production of lighter, breathable , fabrics to ensure better wearing comfort.

How Silk is Produced. From the Cocoon to Yarn. Silk is produced by various insects, but by far the largest quantity comes from the silkworm 'Bombyx Mori'. This is the silk worm, which feeds on mulberry leaves and forms a cocoon of Silk before pupating.

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  1. Datilar

    Many thanks to you for support. I should.