Units produce calendars
Calendar objects encapsulate information about systems of reckoning time in which the beginning, length, and divisions of a year are defined. You use calendar objects to convert between absolute times and date components such as years, days, or minutes. NSCalendar provides an implementation of various calendars. It provides data for several different calendars, including Buddhist, Gregorian, Hebrew, Islamic, and Japanese which calendars are supported depends on the release of the operating system—check the NSLocale class to determine which are supported on a given release. NSCalendar is closely associated with the NSDateComponents class, instances of which describe the component elements of a date required for calendrical computations. Calendars are specified by constants in NSLocale.VIDEO ON THE TOPIC: How to Create Your Own Photo Calendar - The Complete Video Guide
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ROLLER HEAD UNITS
Six qualitative surveys are conducted on a monthly basis in the following areas: manufacturing industry, construction, consumers, retail trade, services and financial services. In addition, a survey is conducted twice a year on Investment in the manufacturing sector. Industry monthly questions for: production , employment expectations , order-book levels , stocks of finished products and selling price.
Industry quarterly questions for:production capacity, order-books, new orders, export expectations, capacity utilization, Competitive position and factors limiting the production.
Construction monthly questions for: trend of activity, order books, employment expectations, price expectations and factors limiting building activity. Construction quarterly questions for: operating time ensured by current backlog. Retail sales monthly questions for: business situation, stocks of goods, orders placed with suppliers and firm's employment. Services monthly questions for: business climate, evolution of demand, evolution of employment and selling prices. Consumer monthly questions for: financial situation, general economic situation, price trends, unemployment, major purchases and savings.
Consumer quarterly questions for: intention to buy a car, purchase or build a home, home improvements. Financial services monthly questions for: business situation, evolution of demand and employment. Financial services quarterly questions for: operating income, operating expenses, profitability of the company, capital expenditure and competitive position. Monthly Confidence Indicators are computed for industry, services, construction, retail trade, consumers at country level, EU and euro area level and financial services EU and euro area.
An Economic Sentiment indicator ESI is calculated based on a selection of questions from industry, services, construction, retail trade and consumers at country level and aggregate level EU and euro area.
A monthly Euro-zone Business Climate Indicator is also available for industry. For the business surveys industry, retail trade, construction, services , survey results are broken down by branches according to the Classification of economic activities in the European Community NACE , Rev.
The sector coverage of the services survey varies across countries. For the consumer survey , respondents are categorised according to five criteria: income, occupation, education, age and sex.
Business and consumer surveys are compiled for the following sectors: manufacturing industry, retail trade, construction, service sector, financial services, and consumer.
Business and consumer surveys provide essential information for economic surveillance, short term forecasting and economic research. Nearly all the questions are of a qualitative nature. The industry survey is largely qualitative. The main questions refer to an assessment of recent trends in production, of the current levels of order books and stocks, as well as expectations about production, selling prices and employment. In addition, the survey provides on quarterly basis quantitative information on two variables that are not reported in conventional statistics, namely capacity utilisation and the number of months of production assured.
In view of the scarcity of national account data on building activity, construction surveys are an important source of information concerning short-term developments in this sector. The construction survey provides qualitative information, with the exception of one quantitative question on the number of months of production secured.
The information provided by the retail trade survey is entirely qualitative. Managers are asked about their assessment of recent developments in their business situation, of the current level of stocks, and their expectations about a number of economic variables production, new orders and employment.
The purpose of the consumer survey is twofold: first, to collect information on households' spending and savings intentions, and second, to assess their perception of the factors influencing these decisions. To this end, the questions are organised around four topics: the households' financial situation, the general economic situation, savings and intentions with regard to major purchases.
The consumer survey is entirely qualitative. The services survey provides information about the managers' assessment of their recent business situation, and of the past and future changes in their company's turnover and employment. All the replies are qualitative. For each of the five surveyed sectors, confidence indicators are produced to reflect overall perceptions and expectations at the individual sector level in a one dimensional index.
Each confidence indicator is calculated as the simple arithmetic average of the seasonally adjusted balances of answers to specific questions chosen from the full set of questions in each individual survey. In order to be able to track overall economic activity, the broader Economic Sentiment Indicator ESI is calculated as a composite indicator, summarizing developments in five surveyed sectors industry, services, retail trade, construction and consumers.
The Business Climate Indicator BCI is calculated in order to receive a timely composite indicator for the manufacturing sector in the euro area. The indicator uses, as input series, five balances of opinion from the industry survey: production trends in recent months, order books, export order books, stocks and production expectations. The statistical unit is either a firm or an enterprise or a consumer an individual or a household depending on the type of surveys.
About firms and more than 41 consumers are currently surveyed every month across the EU. The nominal sample of the industry survey includes more than 39 units that are surveyed every month, while the biannual investment survey includes over 46 units. The nominal sample size for the services survey exceeds 44 units. In the case of the retail trade and construction surveys, the nominal samples consist of more than 30 and 22 firms respectively.
In addition, around firms in the financial services sector in the EU are contacted each month. In general, data are disseminated starting in For some countries, the service survey and the financial services survey, information is only available for shorter time periods. The data are published as balance i. Most of the questions are asked on a monthly basis, but a few additional questions are added every quarter to the surveys in industry, services, construction and among consumers.
Investment survey is conducted twice a year. Business and consumer surveys are compiled in accordance with the framework of the Joint Harmonised EU Programme.
ECB respects the embargo according to the Press Release calendar. The detailed Business and Consumer Survey results are published two working days before the end of each month by means of two press releases and are sent by e-mail to a selected group of news agencies.
Both press releases are divided into two parts: a first part with comments on the main results of the surveys and a second part with detailed tables showing the results. The results of the consumer confidence indicator at the aggregate EU and euro area levels are published in a Flash release one week ahead of the detailed consumer survey results i.
Data are disseminated simultaneously to all interested parties through a database update and on Eurostat's website see "Accessibility and clarity" below for more details. However, part of the data may be circulated within the European institutions, especially the European Commission and the European Central Bank ahead of official release.
News releases on-line. Eurostatistics - monthly. All the data reported in the press releases plus additional data long-time series, non-seasonally adjusted sector series and seasonally adjusted branch data are freely downloadable excel files from:.
You can also consult free data on-line from Euroindicators dedicated section. Identification of commentary on the occasion of statistical releases: There is no official comment accompanying the release of the data. All the information concerning the methodology used in each country for each survey as well as other useful information on the national organisation conducting the survey such as the contact person is available in the metadata section of DG ECFIN's BCS website at:.
The harmonised surveys are carried out at national level by partner institutes such as ministries, statistical offices, central banks, research institutes, business associations or private companies.
The surveys are conducted according to a common methodology, which consists essentially of harmonised questionnaires and a common timetable. The participating institutes should ensure that the samples chosen for each survey are representative of the sector. The sample size must be large enough to provide reliable data. The survey samples are derived from a frame, which is supposed to register all the units of the whole population under question.
Taking into account the various changes that might occur in the population mergers, bankruptcies, starting of new firms, etc. The financial services survey is conducted by one single institute that ensures representativeness for EU and euro area levels.
Moreover, they are widely used to detect turning points in the economic cycle. The survey data generated within the framework of the Joint Harmonised EU Programme of Business and Consumer Surveys are particularly useful for monitoring economic developments at Member State, EU and euro-area level.
Outside the Commission, the ECB, central banks, research institutes and financial institutions frequently use the EU survey data for both qualitative and quantitative analysis. The timing is common to all the harmonised surveys. Fieldwork for the monthly surveys is generally performed in the first two to three weeks of each month and the quarterly surveys are carried out in the first two to three weeks of the first month of each quarter January, April, July and October. Likewise, the questions that are asked only on a quarterly basis are included in the questionnaires in January, April, July and October.
The business survey results are sent by e-mail to the Commission at least five working days before the end of the reference month and in accordance with a predefined format. The deadline for the delivery of consumer survey results is generally seven working days before the end of the month.
Early data for the Flash Consumer Confidence Indicator FCCI is sent by email to the Commission as provided by a deadline at least one week before the scheduled full press release of the reference month. The principle of harmonisation of the Commission's survey programme aims to produce a set of comparable data for all countries. To achieve comparability between countries all national institutes use the same harmonised questionnaires. All national institutes conduct the national surveys and the transmission of the results according to a common timetable.
In general, data are not revised. Exceptions are the industry, services, retail and construction surveys in France and consumer in Portugal. For the EU and euro area aggregates, annual revisions occur in January due to revisions in the GDP-based country weighting scheme. The financial services survey is conducted by one single private institute at EU and euro area level.
The Commission calculates EU and euro-area aggregates on the basis of the national results and seasonally adjusts the balance series. The sample size for each survey varies across countries according to the heterogeneity of their economies, and is generally positively related to their respective population size.
About firms and almost 40 consumers are surveyed every month across the EU. Six surveys are currently conducted on a monthly basis in the following areas: manufacturing industry, construction, consumers, retail trade, services and financial services. Additional questions are asked on a quarterly basis in the surveys in industry, services, construction, financial services and among consumers. In addition, an investment survey of the manufacturing sector, which gathers information on companies' investment plans, is conducted twice a year.
The national questionnaires may include additional questions, beyond the harmonised ones. Similarly, the sectoral breakdown in the questionnaires may be more detailed than the one set in the programme. The national institutes are also free to organise the fieldwork the way that best suits their needs. In particular, the sample design, the sample size, the survey mode, and other methodological considerations are left to their discretion.
Nevertheless, institutes are invited to implement the international guidelines on data collection and survey design developed by the Commission and the OECD in cooperation with the national institutes. Data received from the countries and the European indices are validated using logical validation rules. The frame can be created from official or statistical registers, or from membership lists of business associations and chambers of commerce.
The coverage rate of the sample, generally measured via turnover or employment, indicates at which percentage rate the sample represents the frame.
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The class also provides additional fields and methods for implementing a concrete calendar system outside the package. Those fields and methods are defined as protected. Like other locale-sensitive classes, Calendar provides a class method, getInstance , for getting a generally useful object of this type. Calendar defines the range of values returned by certain calendar fields, as well as their meaning.
Six qualitative surveys are conducted on a monthly basis in the following areas: manufacturing industry, construction, consumers, retail trade, services and financial services. In addition, a survey is conducted twice a year on Investment in the manufacturing sector. Industry monthly questions for: production , employment expectations , order-book levels , stocks of finished products and selling price. Industry quarterly questions for:production capacity, order-books, new orders, export expectations, capacity utilization, Competitive position and factors limiting the production. Construction monthly questions for: trend of activity, order books, employment expectations, price expectations and factors limiting building activity. Construction quarterly questions for: operating time ensured by current backlog. Retail sales monthly questions for: business situation, stocks of goods, orders placed with suppliers and firm's employment.
Date and Time Programming Guide
In our print templates, you will find designs for calendars which can be downloaded for Adobe Illustrator, Adobe InDesign or as PDF files which you can then customise with images and logos. Simply select 'Design online' in the configuration page to create calendar designs with your own logos, images and texts. Calendars are always welcome presents, and they are also a great way to ensure a long-term advertising effect. Day one of production begins on the same day if we receive your artwork by 5pm.
When it comes to mapping out future manufacturing and productivity priorities, creating a master production schedule can be an incredibly integral tracking tool. With Simio Scheduling Software, you can build a simulation model that fully captures both the detailed constraints and variations within your system. Production Schedule Template Excel Spreadsheet. Excel-based MRP systems have several advantages, such as the ability to use schedules.
Glossary of Terms in PRIS Reports
From design to delivery, we are unmatched in our ability to produce manufacturing solutions as quickly as possible. We have made it our mission to be your best option for steel rule dies, and we have built a reputation for delivering customized manufacturing solutions faster than anyone else in the business. Our die makers and designers have been with us for over 15 years, over which time they have been refining our manufacturing processes to maximize our efficiency.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Calendar Printing at VirudhuNagar
There are as many mnemonic devices for making sense of time as the day is long. That knuckle trick for remembering the lengths of months. Musical theater aficionados can tell you in quick measure the length of a year in minutes. Or that ten factorial 10! Amazing, right? But I want you to forget all of those, at least for the purposes of programming.
3 Billion Units - Annual Production
Earl Franklin Hodges. Livestock-production Units, , and Consumption of Feed by Livestock From to , production was concentrated more in the October to December quarter and a different set of percentages was used. Before , concentration of production in the October to December quarter was even greater, and a still different set of percentages was used. Twelve months of production from October through the following September are used for In estimating quarterly production, the number of hogs on farms January 1, the pig crop, and the death loss are used. Production from each group of hogs is distributed among the different quarters of the year, in accordance with the gain in weight during each quarter, by means of the percentages shown in table The gain in weight made after January 1 by the spring pigs on hand on that date is credited to the first quarter of the calendar year, when these pigs are
There is a lot of confusion out there about OEE Operational Equipment Effectiveness and about the words efficiency and effectiveness. Let us look at these things in an objective and clear manner. Is OEE just a nice-to-have?
South Africa President Cyril Ramaphosa pictured said the decision to produce Navara in South Africa was further proof of the increasing contribution of the automotive industry to the country. The move expands the role of the plant as a Light Commercial Vehicle manufacturing hub for Nissan. The Navara will join the popular NP and NP models, which are already built at Rosslyn and sold in the domestic market, as well as up to 45 pan-African countries.
Germany Manufacturing Production. Manufacturing Production in Germany decreased 4 percent in November of over the same month in the previous year. Manufacturing Production in Germany averaged 1.
Knowing where, when, and how much rice is planted and harvested is crucial information for understanding the effects of policy, trade, and global and technological change on food security. It consists of data on rice planting and harvesting dates by growing season and estimates of monthly production for all rice-producing countries. Sources used for planting and harvesting dates include global and regional databases, national publications, online reports, and expert knowledge. Monthly production data were estimated based on annual or seasonal production statistics, and planting and harvesting dates.
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Skip to content Skip to navigation. Contact Us. The second generation of British gas-cooled reactors, using graphite as the neutron moderator and carbon dioxide as a coolant. In a BWR, the reactor core heats water, which turns to steam and then drives a steam turbine.