Storage plant harsh silk fabrics
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Caring for Silk
The storage area should be clean, cool, dry, dark, and as free as possible from drastic changes in temperature and humidity, thus ruling out the basement or attic. It is also best to set aside one drawer or chest of drawers just for the storage of family heirlooms. Textiles should be stored as clean as possible because dust particles can actually cut fibers through friction and abrasion. Colorfast and washable items should be washed and stored unironed, unstarched and unblued.
Information on wet cleaning cottons and linens, quilts and coverlets, and samplers is available upon written request. An item that cannot be cleaned in any other way should, if possible, be vacuumed. Loose soil and dust can be removed by placing the textile on a flat surface, placing a piece of fiberglass screening between the textile and vacuum cleaner head, and then vacuuming with a weak-suction hand vacuum cleaner.
It is preferable to store textiles flat, subject to minimum abrasion, folding, and pressure. If folding is necessary, avoid sharp folds by padding at the points of folds with strips of washed unbleached muslin or old sheets.
For maximum preservation, antique textiles, especially cottons and linens, should have no direct contact with wood, blue tissue, regular tissue, or other wrapping paper.
Most paper tends to be acidic; acid is especially damaging to textiles. Instead, textiles can be wrapped in clean, white cotton cloth, such as an old sheet or pillowcase, or in muslin. Because textile fibers need to be in an environment where there is some air movement, fabrics should not be sealed in air-tight plastic bags or containers to prevent damage from moisture condensation.
Also, because some plastics give off fumes as they decompose with age, they should not come in direct contact with antique textiles. After wrapping the textiles in cotton muslin or sheeting, they can be loosely encased in an unsealed plastic wrapping. The best place to store antique fabrics is on top in a drawer. Storing them at the bottom of a drawer under heavy items can cause sharp folds, which may be difficult to remove and which may cause splits in the cloth. Fragile fabrics which may be light or heavy in weight , likely to wear thin along folds, should be rolled over cloth-covered cardboard tubes mailing tubes are good; even paper towel tubes can be used for small items.
The greatest care must be taken to avoid creasing the fabric in the process of rolling it because creases can split fragile cloth as cleanly as a knife can. Rolling too tight could also be harmful; proper tension can be maintained if rolling is done on a table or other flat surface that is at least as wide as the cloth and that has been cleared for this purpose. The cloth should rest flat and smooth on the table.
As the roller glides along, it picks up the cloth as it moves away from the individual s doing the rolling. Painted textiles should not be rolled or folded; such treatment can cause the painted surface to crack.
Stored textiles should not be exposed to the light because the natural cellulose fibers cotton and linen and animal fibers silk and wool , of which most antique textiles are made, are damaged by the sun's and indoor fixtures' light rays.
With these conditions, excessive drying is avoided and mold and mildew growth caused by excess moisture are discouraged. Mildew and moths can be discouraged in temperate climates by keeping fabrics and their storage places perfectly clean, dry, cool, and regularly aired and inspected. Textiles should be removed from storage periodically and aired.
If the item has been folded, care should be taken to refold it, changing the position of the folds so that the same fibers are not subjected to the tension of folding, which can cause fiber breakage over a long period of time.
Avoid folding tapestries and rugs. If a fold is ever necessary, it should be made in the direction that is most natural for the textile, usually parallel to the weft perpendicular to the selvages. In rolling a tapestry, the pole over which it is rolled should extend beyond the ends of the tapestry. Be certain that no creases are rolled into the textile. Never use a metal pole or pipe as the base for rolling a tapestry. Metal can cause serious damage to natural fibers and can also stain them.
Before storing a tapestry, carefully remove any metal rings, hooks, or other fastenings. If a lined tapestry is to be stored over a long period of time and it has a good backing, which the owner wishes to retain, it might be wise to loosen the backing around the sides and bottom edge of the textile so both layers can be rolled without creases forming on the back. It is recommended that all costumes and their accessories be stored flat. If folding is necessary, besides following the applicable general procedures, garments should be folded following natural body lines or seamlines, such as waistline, armholes, etc.
Sleeves should be folded carefully across the bodice front. Sleeves, shoulders, and other parts may need to be lightly padded with soft cotton cloth to keep such parts smooth. It is especially important that costume items stored flat are not crushed by heavier textiles stored on top of them.
If they must be stored on hangers, the hangers should be well-padded and the garments should not be stored in a closet in which they are crushed by other garments. If the garment's upper part, especially the shoulder area, is not sturdy, it should not be stored on a hanger. Smithsonian Information How do I store antique textiles at home? General Procedures The storage area should be clean, cool, dry, dark, and as free as possible from drastic changes in temperature and humidity, thus ruling out the basement or attic.
Specific Suggestions 1. CAUTION: Textiles, such as samplers, painted and embroidered pictures, and beaded work should not be vacuumed, as embroidery yarns and beads can be drawn through the screening.
Tapestries and Rugs Avoid folding tapestries and rugs. Costume Items It is recommended that all costumes and their accessories be stored flat. NOTE: This general information is provided in good faith, but without reference to or examination of a particular object, the Smithsonian Institution disclaims responsibility for the possible ill-effects of applying the process to an object.
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How Bamboo Fabric is Made
W hile silk is one of the strongest natural fibers in the world, it is still a delicate material that requires special care. There are certain things you should do if you want your silk to stay soft and shimmering. Learn how to wash your silk yourself, how to iron it, and how to store it in this article.
Extend the life of your silk clothing and deter damaging moth larvae by following the advice below:. Silk comes from the cocoon of the silkworm, the larva or caterpillar of the silk moth which has been domesticated in China, Northern India, Korea and Japan. The practice of breeding silkworms for silk production has been in place in China for thousands of years. The silkworm is predominantly fed on mulberry leaves. Silk is an elegant and relatively expensive fabric.
Shelter Plants from Winter’s Worst
Or, at least, I used to be. The source of my obsession was a variegated hydrangea. I bought it in full flower, and the azure, lacecap blooms were simply stunning against the backdrop of broad, spade-shaped leaves edged with creamy white. Then winter hit and it died to the ground. New shoots burst forth in spring, adorned with luscious foliage, but no blooms appeared. Ditto the next spring. And the next. Apparently the plant was root-hardy here, but its stems and flower buds—which form on year-old growth—were not.
Conservation and restoration of textiles
In our tests, cleaning power was roughly equal among the detergents we tried. This no-rinse detergent has lanolin, which softens and protects your wool and cashmere garments and smells great doing it. Eucalan is a no-rinse detergent that contains lanolin, a natural oil that sheep produce to help waterproof their fleece coats; it also makes woolen garments softer and a touch more hardwearing. Eucalan cleans a bit better than Soak with the same minimum of handling, costs less than Soak at around 16 cents per wash, and also comes in five good scents. It costs only pennies per hand-washing load.
So what do camels, goats and buffalos do, you may ask and you forgot soy. Related post: What is Silk and How is it made. You have to take into account other silk fabrics made from Spiders and Mussles. Wild silk.
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Ever wonder how they can make a soft fabric from something as strong and tough as bamboo? In fact it only takes 4 steps to turn raw bamboo stalks into bamboo fabric. It all starts with the harvesting of the mature bamboo plants. At that time the bamboo stacks are between 2 and 4 years old. Bamboo is actually a weed and grows naturally in many parts of the world.
The Best Detergent for Hand Washing Clothes
Do you know that hemp has a longer, stronger fiber than most plant fibers on the planet. There are hundreds if not thousands of years worth of evidence to demonstrate the validity of hemp textiles to be strong, durable , long-lasting , anti-microbial , anti-bacterial , resistance to mold and fungus and also have been shown to protect from UV rays. We provide quality hemp fabric and several blends of hemp and sustainable textiles. Many of these fabrics are used by designers such as Ralph Lauren, Versace, Volkswagen VW motor company and many others. Because of our relationships with the farmers in China we are able to offer wholesale pricing while maintaining quality goods, as China has been growing and manufacturing hemp for over 5, years. As a fabric, hemp provides all the warmth and softness of a natural textile but with a superior durability seldom found in other materials. Hemp is extremely versatile and can be used for countless products such as apparel, accessories, shoes, furniture, and home furnishings. Apparel made from hemp incorporates all the beneficial qualities and will likely last longer and withstand harsh conditions.
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It has for me: Instead of spending my money at the dry cleaners, I wash most of my silk and wool at home, right in the bathroom sink. Yet certain items really do need the extra TLC of a dry clean. So how do you know which is which?
Silk garments can be some of the most beautiful pieces in your closet — but they are often some of the most fragile , as well. Never soak silk longer than two minutes. When you bring silk items to Door To Door Cleaners, we actually treat with a special laundering process. Be sure to use the coolest setting. Be careful: many silk garments are not machine washable.
The conservation and restoration of textiles refers to the processes by which textiles are cared for and maintained to be preserved from future damage. The field falls under the category of art conservation as well as library preservation , depending on the type of collection. Many of these artifacts require specialized care, often by a professional conservator. The goal of this article is to provide a general overview of the textile preservation process, and to serve as a jumping-off point for further research into more specialized care. Always contact a professional conservator if you are unsure of how to proceed in the preservation process. The needs of each of these locations will vary.
If the blend contains synthetic fibers, the dye may not stick to those fibers. Makes sense to me. When in the dye bath, the fabric is rich red….